Banffshire, a county in the NE. of Scotland, bounded N. by the Moray Firth. Its greatest length is 59 miles, its greatest breadth 31, and its area 64G sq. m. The coast is rocky, but not high, except to the east of Banff. Chief summits are the Bin of Cullen (1050 feet), Ben Rinnes (2755), and, on the Aberdeenshire border, Ben Macdhui (4296). The rivers are the Spey, which bounds a third of the county on the west; and the Deveron, 61 miles long, and mostly included within the county. The former ranks after the Tweed and Tay as a salmon-river. The southern part of Banffshire is in the Highlands, the north being purely Lowland. Banffshire is divided into the districts of Enzie, Boyne, Strathisla, Strathdeveron, Balveny, Glenlivet, and Strath-avon. The chief towns and villages are Banff, Macduff, Portsoy, Keith, Cullen, Buckie, Dufftown, and Tomintoul. Much whisky is produced. The county returns one member. The battle of Glenlivet (q.v.) was fought in 1594. Pop. (1801) 37,216; (1841) 49,670; (1901) 61,488.