Banswara, a hilly, well-wooded state in the south-west of Rajputana. It has an area of 1500 sq. m., and is peopled by wild and turbulent Bheels. In 1818 it passed voluntarily under British protection. Pop. 164,000. - The capital, Banswara, lies 8 miles W. of the Mahi River. Pop. 6000.
Bantam', a decayed seaport, 61 miles W. of Batavia, in a residency of the same name, which forms the west end of Java. It was the first Dutch establishment in Java (1595), and the seat of government of the residency, until transferred to the more salubrious Serang, 6 miles distant, in 1816.
Bantry, a seaport in the south-west of County Cork, at the head of Bantry Bay, and 44 miles WSW. of Cork. Pop. 3100. - Bantry Bay runs 25 miles ENE., with a breadth of 4 to 6 miles. It is one of the finest harbours in Europe. Here a French force attempted to land in 1796.
Banyu'mas (Dutch spelling, Banjoeinas), a town of Java, on the Serajo, 22 miles from the south coast. Pop. 9000.
Banyuwangl, a seaport on the east coast of Java. Pop. 10,000.
Baracoa, a decayed seaport near the east end of Cuba. Pop. 4900.
Barataria, a bay of Louisiana, W. of the Mississippi delta, haunted in 1800-14 by a band of pirates.
Barbary, in Northern Africa, comprises the countries known in modern times as Barca, Tripoli Proper, Fezzan, Tunis, Algeria, and Mor-occo; and in ancient times as Mauritania, Numidia, Africa Propria, and Cyrenaica. It stretches from Egypt to the Atlantic Ocean, and from the Mediterranean to the Desert of Sahara, or between 10' W. and 25° E. long., and 25° to 37° N. lat. The north-west of this region is divided by the Atlas Mountains into two parts. The history of Barbary is a record of successive conquests by Romans, Vandals, Arabs, Turks, and the French (1830). To Europe it was chiefly known as the home of the dreaded Barbary corsairs. See the articles on the several countries of Barbary.
Barbizon (Bar-bee-zong), a village close to the Forest of Fontainebleau. It is a great artists' resort, and was the home and death-place of Millet. Corot, Diaz, Daubigny, and Rousseau were other members of the 'Barbizon School' of painters.