Black Forest (Ger. Schwarzald), a wooded mountain-chain in Baden and Wurtemberg, running parallel with the course of the Rhine after its great bend near Basel, often only a few miles distant from it, and also bounded by the Rhine upon the south. The chief rivers rising in the Black Forest are the Danube, Neckar, Murg, Kinzig, Elz, Enz, and Wiessen. The chain attains its greatest elevation in the bare and round-topped Feldberg (4903 feet). The great mass called the Kaiserstuhl (Emperor's Chair), situated near Breisach, is quite isolated. Silver, copper, cobalt, lead, and iron are found in greater or less quantity in the principal chain, which is luxuriantly wooded, its name Schwarz-wald being derived from the dark-tinted foliage and immense number of its fir-trees. The district is also rich in mineral waters - e.g. the baths of Baden-Baden (q.v.) and Wildbad (q.v.). On the Rhine side the descent is precipitous, but towards the Danube and the Neckar it is gradual. Among its numerous valleys, the Murgthal is the most famous for its natural beauties; but, indeed, the whole of the country is here rich in picturesque scenery, gemmed with cascades and deep mountain-lakes, around which cluster the legends of many centuries. The rearing of cattle, and the manufacture of wooden clocks and other articles, form the chief industry of the inhabitants. See Seguin's Black Forest (2d ed. 18S6).