Calabria, the south-west peninsula of the kingdom of Italy, bounded N. by the province of Basilicata. Area, 6637 sq. m.; pop. about 1,400,000. It is traversed throughout its entire length of 160 miles by the forest-clad Apennines, whose valleys afford rich pasture. There is no river of any importance; but the valleys and plains are very fertile, yielding wheat, rice, cotton, liquorice, saffron, the sugar-cane, etc, and also the vine, orange, lemon, olive, fig, and mulberry, in luxuriance. The coast fisheries, particularly of the tunny and anchovy, are important. The 'compartimento,' which is very subject to earthquakes, is divided into the provinces of Cosenza, Catanzaro, and Reggio. In ancient times the name Calabria was given to the south-east peninsula, nearly corresponding to the modern province of Lecce, no portion of which is included in modern Calabria, which answers to the ancient Bruttium. The people are a proud, fiery, and revengeful race, long celebrated as among the fiercest of banditti. See Ross and Cooper's Highlands of Calabria (1888).