Cardiganshire, a maritime county in South Wales, on Cardigan Bay, with a crescent-shaped coast-line of 48 miles, a maximum width of 32 miles, and an area of 693 sq. m. On the Montgomeryshire border is Plinlimmon (2469 feet); and a rugged, bleak range of hills runs through the middle of the county from the south-west to the north-east, between the coast and the Teifi; but on other parts there are rich flat tracts. The chief rivers are the Teifi, Aeron, Claerwen, Ystwith, and Rheidol. The ' sweet shire of Cardigan' contains some romantic waterfalls, especially the Rheidol Falls and the Devil's Bridge, and above twenty small lakes or llyns, noted for their wild beauty. Rich veins of copper, lead, zinc, and silver occur. Cardiganshire is an agricultural county, 62 per cent. of its total area being cultivated; and the rearing of live-stock is a leading industry. There are some manufactures of coarse woollens and gloves, stockings and hats. Cardigan is the county town; other towns being Aberystwith, Lampeter, Adpar, Aberayron, Tregaron. Cardiganshire returns one member. Pop. (1801) 42,956; (1841) 68,766; (1861) 72,245; (1901) 60,237. The antiquities include many prehistoric, British, and Roman remains, and the ruined abbey of Strata Florida (1164), 16 miles SE. of Aberystwith. The women still wear the Welsh costume. In 1843-44 Cardiganshire was disturbed by the Rebecca riots. See Meyrick's History of Cardiganshire (1810).