Chamba, one of the Punjab Hill States, immediately SE. of Cashmere, with an area of 3180 sq. m. Pop. 128,000, nearly all Hindus. It is shut in by lofty hills, and traversed by two ranges of snowy peaks and glaciers, with fertile valleys to the south and west. The banks of the Ravi and Chenab, two of the five great Punjab rivers, are clothed with mighty forests, leased to the British government.
Chambery (Shongbay-ree'), capital of the old duchy and present French dep. of Savoy, beautifully situated between two ridges of hills, 370 miles SE. of Paris by rail. The town itself is uninteresting; but the scenery around, with the river Laisse flowing through the valley, is exceedingly fine. Chambery has a small cathedral, a palace of justice, and the old castle of the Dukes of Savoy. It manufactures clocks, silk-gauze, soap, hats, paper, etc. Pop. 17,100.
Chambord (Shongborr'), a celebrated chateau in the French dep. of Loir-et-Cher, 12 miles E. of Blois. Commenced in 1526, it is a huge Renaissance pile, and in 1821 was presented to the Comte de Chambord (1820-83).
Champagne, a district and ancient province (180 by 150 miles) of France, now forming the deps. of Marne, Haute-Marne, Aube, and Ardennes, with parts of Yonne, Aisne, Seine-et-Marne, and Meuse. It is famous for its white and red wines, the former either sparkling or still; the best varieties are produced at Rheims and Epernay. The chief towns were Troyes, Bar-sur-Aube, Leon, and Rheims.
Champaign, a city of Illinois, 128 miles SSW.
of Chicago. It has furniture and wagon factories, and an Industrial University (1868). Pop. 9839.
Champaran, a British Indian district in the NW. corner of Behar, with an area of 3531 sq. m., and a pop. of 1,859,465.
Champlain', a beautiful lake separating the states of New York and Vermont, and penetrating, at its north end, about 6 miles into Canada. Lying 91 feet above sea-level, it is 110 miles long, by from 1 to 15 broad, empties itself into the St Lawrence by the Richelieu River, and has communication by canal with the Hudson. The lake was discovered by Champlain in 1609; and here a British flotilla was defeated by the Americans, 11th September 1814.
Chancellorsville, a post-station of Virginia, near the Rappahannock, 11 miles W. of Fredericksburg. Here, May 2 and 3, 1863, the Confederates defeated the Federals, but suffered a severe loss in Stonewall Jackson, who was accidentally shot by his own men.