Cloughjordan

Cloughjordan, a village of Tipperary, 87 miles SW. of Dublin. Pop. 518.

Clovelly

Clovelly, a coast-village of North Devon, 11 miles WSW. of Bideford. From its rude little pier it climbs 400 feet upwards in a steep narrow combe. Pop. of parish, 641.

Clovenfords

Clovenfords, a famous vinery on the Tweed, 3 1/4 miles W. of Galashiels.

Cloyne

Cloyne, an ancient episcopal town of County Cork, 15 miles ESE. of Cork. The cathedral was founded in the 6th century by St Colman; opposite is a finely preserved round tower over 90 feet high. The see, held once by Bishop Berkeley, is united to that of Cork; but there is also a Catholic diocese. Pop. 820.

Clugny

Clugny (Clun-yee'), or Cluni, a town in the dep. of Saone-et-Loire, on the Grosne, 15 m. NW. of Macon by rail. Pop. 3618. Its famous Benedictine abbey (910-1790) attained a degree of splendour and influence unrivalled by any similar institution of the middle ages. The grand basilica or abbey church, commenced by St Hugh, the eighth abbot, in 1089, and dedicated by Pope Innocent II. in 1131, was, until the construction of St Peter's at Rome, the largest church in Christendom. Of this magnificent and imposing pile one tower and part of the transept alone remain; the site of the nave is traversed by a road. See two works by Sir G. F. Duckett (1886-88), with others in French by Pignot, Lorain, Penjon, Cucherat, and Champly.

Clumber Park

Clumber Park, a seat of the Duke of Newcastle, in Notts, 3 miles SB. of Worksop.

Clun

Clun, a Shropshire market-town, 6 1/2 miles N. by E. of Knighton. Pop. of parish, 2115.

Clunes

Clunes, a gold-mining township of Victoria, 97 miles NW. of Melbourne by rail. Pop. 4242.

Clunie

Clunie, a Perthshire parish, 5 1/2 miles W. by S. of Blairgowrie, with an isleted loch, and a castle associated with the ' Admirable' Crichton.

Clusium

Clusium. See Chiusi.

Clwyd

Clwyd (Kloo'id), a river of north Wales, rises on Craig Bronbanog, in Denbighshire, and runs 30 miles to the Irish Sea, below Ruthin flowing through the fertile Vale of Clwyd, 24 miles long, and 2 to 7 wide.

Clydebank

Clydebank, a town of Dumbartonshire, on the right bank of the Clyde, 5 1/2 miles NW. of Glasgow. It has great shipbuilding works. Pop. (1881) 1634; (1891) 10,589; (1901) 21,591.

Clydesdale

Clydesdale. See Clyde and Lanarkshire.

Clynder

Clynder, a Dumbartonshire watering-place on the Gareloch. Pop. 331.

Cnossus

Cnossus, Gnossos, or Knossos, anciently the chief town of Crete, said to have been built by Minos, where since 1900 very important excavations of the great palace have been made by Mr A. J. Evans and others. It stood N. of the centre, three miles from the sea.

Coahuila

Coahuila (Ko-a-wee'la), a state of Mexico, next to Texas. Area, 64,000 sq. m.; pop. 281,000.

Coalbrookdale

Coalbrookdale, in Shropshire, extends 8 miles along the Severn, rich in coal, iron, and lime.

Coalisland

Coalisland, a village of Tyrone, 5 miles NE. of Dungannon. Pop. 785.