Corinth, a city of Greece, celebrated in antiquity for its vices, situated on the rocky isthmus of Corinth (3 2/3 miles wide, and 262 feet high), which connects the Peloponnesus with the mainland. It lay under the northern declivity of the mountain (1886 feet high), on which stood its citadel (Acrocorinthus); and its position, midway between the Aegean and Adriatic, was exceptionally advantageous for trade. Founded, according to tradition, about 1350 b.c., Corinth at its zenith is said to have had 300,000 inhabitants, but was utterly destroyed by the Romans in 146 B.c. Exactly a century afterwards it was rebuilt by Julius Ceesar; in 1459 it was captured by the Turks. After being delivered from them in 1822, it slowly increased till 1858, when it was utterly destroyed by an earthquake. The town has since been rebuilt in a more convenient position, 3 miles to the north-east. Pop. 4000. A mile and a half ENE. of New Corinth, on the Gulf of Lepanto (anciently Gulf of Corinth), is the western mouth of the Corinth Ship Canal (1882-93) through the isthmus, 4 miles long. Two new towns have been laid out at its east and west mouths, the eastern named Isthmia, the western Posidonia.
Corinth, a town of Mississippi, 93 miles E. by S. of Memphis. Here the Confederates were defeated, October 3-4, 1862. Pop. 3275.