Craighall, New, a collier village of Midlothian, 2 miles WSW. of Musselburgh. Pop. 1650 Craigieburn, 3 miles E. of Moffat, a wood celebrated by Burns.


Craigleith, a huge quarry 2 miles W. by N. of Edinburgh.


Craigmillar, a fine ruined castle (1427-1661), 3 miles SE. of Edinburgh.


Craignethan, a ruined castle (Scott's 'Tillie-tudlem') in Lanarkshire, 5 1/2 miles WNW. of Lanark.


Craigneuk, part of Wishaw (q.v.).


Craigphadrick. See Inverness.

Crail an antique little coast-town in the ' East Neuk' of Fife, 2 1/2 miles WSW. of Fife Ness, and 10 SE. of St Andrews. There is a fragment of a castle of David I.; and an interesting church, in which Knox preached, and of which Sharp was minister. A royal burgh since 1306, Crail with St Andrews, etc. returns an M.P. Pop. 1070.


Craiova. See Krajova.


Cramond, a village at the Almond's influx to the Firth of Forth, 5 miles WNW. of Edinburgh.


Cranborne, a Dorset town, 9 miles NNE. of Wimborne. Pop. of parish, 2824.


Cranbrook, a pleasant little market-town in the Weald of Kent, 46 miles SE. of London. It has a fine Perpendicular church, and a large trade in hops. From the 14th to the 17th century it was the centre of the broadcloth manufacture introduced by the Flemings. Pop. of parish, 3950. See Tarbutt's Annals of Cranbrook (1875).


Cranganore (Kodungalur), a town in Cochin state, on the west coast of southern India. It stands on an opening of the Cochin backwater, 18 miles N. of Cochin town. Pop. 10,000.


Cranston, a town of Rhode Island, 4 miles by rail SW. of Providence, with calico and woollen works, etc. Pop. (1S80) 5940; (1900)13.343.


Crarae, a place with granite quarries on Loch Fyne, 9 1/2 miles SSW. of Inveraray.

Crathie and Braemar

Crathie and Braemar, Aberdeenshire, the Deeside parish in which is Balmoral (q.v.).

Craven Arms

Craven Arms, Shropshire, a junction, 20 miles S. of Shrewsbury.


Crecy-en-Ponthieu, or Cressy, a village in the French dep. of Somme, on the Maye, 12 miles N. of Abbeville. Here, on 26th August 1346, Edward III. won a great victory over the French.


Crediton, or Kirkton, a Devon town, on the Creedy, a tributary of the Exe, 7 miles NW. of Exeter. It suffered much by fire in 1743 and 1769, but its church is a fine old cruciform structure. The traditional birthplace of St Boniface, the apostle of Germany, Crediton was the seat from 910 to 1050 of a bishopric, transferred then to Exeter. Its woollen manufactures are a thing of the past. Pop. (1851) 3924; (1901) 3974.


Creedmoor, a village of Long Island.


Creetown, a Kirkcudbrightshire seaport, 4 miles NE. of Wigtown. Pop. 991.


Creil, a French manufacturing town in Oise, and 22 miles SE. of Beauvais, where metal-work and earthenware are largely produced. Pop. 11,000.


Crema (Kray'ma), a cathedral city of Lombardy, 27 miles NW. of Cremona by rail. Pop. 8251.