Dambula

Dambula, or Dambul, a vast Buddhist rock-temple in Ceylon, 40 miles N. of Kandy, containing, among a profusion of carvings, colossal figures of Buddha.

Damietta

Damietta (Arab. Dimyat), a town of Lower Egypt, on the right bank of the chief eastern mouth of the Nile, 8 miles from its mouth in the Mediterranean. Its commerce has been much injured by the prosperity of Alexandria, but it still carries on a considerable trade in exporting rice, fish (from Lake Menzaleh), coffee, and dates; and imports charcoal, soap, and manufactured goods. It is the terminus of a branch-railway from Cairo. The cambric known as dimity received its name from Damietta, where it was once manufactured; the famous leather-work has also declined. A bar at the mouth of the river impedes navigation. Pop. 43,750. The existing town was erected after 1251, but, prior to that, a city of the same name (anc. Tamiathis) stood more to the south.

Damodar

Damodar, a river of Bengal, rises in Chutia Nagpur, and flows 350 miles SE. to the Hooghly.

Damon

Damon, a town of the Central Provinces of India, 50 miles E. of Sagar. Pop. 11,800.

Dampier

Dampier, the name of several places in Australasia: (1) Dampier Archipelago, a cluster of about twenty small rocky islands off the NW. coast of Australia. - (2) Dampier Island, off the NE. coast of New Guinea, with a volcano 5250 feet high. - (3) Dampier's Land, a fertile peninsula of Western Australia, lying between King Sound and the Indian Ocean. - (4) Dampier Strait, between New Guinea and the archipelago of New Britain, forming, with Goschen Strait to the SE., the shortest route from Eastern Australia to China by some 300 miles. - (5) Dampier Strait, separating the island of Waygiou from the NW. extremity of New Guinea.

Danakil

Danakil, a vaguely defined region between the southern end of the Red Sea and Abyssinia.

Danbury

Danbury, a Connecticut town, 69 miles NNE. of New York. It manufactures hats and sewing-machines. Pop. (1880) 11,666; (1900) 16,540.

Danebury

Danebury, Hants, a famous training-Ground 3 miles WNW. of Stockbridge.

Danes Dyke

Danes' Dyke. See Flamborough Head. Dangan Castle, a mansion in County Meath 4 miles S. of Trim, the seat of Wellington's father. Dangs, a hill country in Bombay Presidency; about the N. end of the Western Ghats.

Dannemora

Dannemora, a Swedish town, 25 miles NE. of Upsala, a great iron-mining centre. Pop. 5000.

Dantzic

Dantzic. See Danzig.

Danubian Principalities

Danubian Principalities, a name applied to Moldavia and Wallachia; see Roumania. Servia and Bulgaria are sometimes included under the name.

Danvers

Danvers, a post-village of Massachusetts, 4 miles NW. of Salem. It manufactures shoes, carpets, bricks, etc, and is the seat of the state lunatic asylum. Peabody, 3 miles S., was formerly South Danvers. Pop. 8048.

Danville

Danville, (1) capital of Vermilion county, Illinois, on the Vermilion River, 132 miles S. of Chicago. It is an important railway junction, and contains railway-shops, steam-mills, foundries, and organ and chair factories. Bituminous coal is mined near by. Pop. 16,491. - (2) Capital of Montour county, Pennsylvania, on the north branch of the Susquehanna, 6S miles N. by E. of Harrisburg. It was settled in 1768, and the Pennsylvania Ironworks here is the oldest establishment in the States for the manufacture of railroad iron. There are also blast-furnaces, foundries, and rolling-mills. Pop. 7998. - (3) A town of Virginia, on the Dan River, 141 miles SW. of Richmond, with large cotton and other mills, and a great trade in tobacco. Pop. 16,305.