Dead Sea, the usual name, dating from the time of Jerome, for a most remarkable lake in the south-east of Palestine, called in the Old Testament The Salt Sea, Sea of the Plain, or East Sea; by Josephus, Lacvs Asphaltites; and by the Arabs now, Bahr-Lut, ' Sea of Lot.' It is 46 miles long, 5 to 9 miles broad, and 1292 feet below the level of the Mediterranean. The depth of the greater part, the northern section, is about 1300 feet; but at the southern end the water is only from 3 to 12 feet deep. The Dead Sea is fed by the Jordan from the north, and by many other streams, but has no apparent outlet, its superfluous water being carried off by evaporation. Along the eastern and western shores there are lines of bold cliff's rising 1500 feet on the west, and 2500 on the east. The north shore, a great mud flat, is marked by the blackened trunks and branches of trees; the southern shore is low, also marshy and dreary. Lava-beds, pumice-stone, warm springs, sulphur, and volcanic slag prove the presence here of volcanic agencies at some period. The neighbourhood is frequently visited by earthquakes, and the lake still occasionally casts up to its surface large masses of asphalt. The water is characterised by the presence of a large quantity of magnesian and soda salts. Its specific gravity ranges from 1172 to 1227 (pure water being 1000). The proportion of saline matter is so great, that whilst sea-water contains only 3.5 per cent. of salts, the water of the Dead Sea contains upwards of 26 per cent. Rain hardly ever falls; the water is nearly as blue and clear as that of the Mediterranean; and though its taste is horribly salt and fetid, a bath in it is refreshing. Owing to the great specific gravity of the water, it is almost impossible for the bather to sink in it. According to Major Conder, 'it is now generally agreed that the Dead Sea and Jordan were formed by a great fault or crack in the earth's surface long before the creation of man, and that the district presents in our own days much the same aspect as in the days of Abraham. It is vain, therefore, to suppose that the "cities of the plain " were beneath the present sea, although this view was held as early as the time of Josephus' (Bible Geography, 1884).