Devonshire, a maritime county of south-west England between the Bristol and the English Channel. Its greatest length is 70 miles; its greatest breadth, 65; its coast-line, about 150; and its area, 2586 sq. m.. of which about three-fourths are under cultivation. The north coast is the boldest, with several hills over 1000 feet. Its chief indentation is Bideford Bay, 18 miles broad and 8 deep, into which fall the Taw and the Torridge. The south coast is also lined with cliffs, chief among them being Bolt Head and Start Point. Tor Bay is 3 by 3 1/2 miles; and Plymouth Sound, the combined estuary of the Tamar and Plym, is one of the finest harbours in the kingdom. Devonshire is hilly, the most elevated parts being the table-lands of Dartmoor in the south-west, Exmoor in the north-west, running into Somerset, and Blackdown in the east. These are mainly open moor-lands. Dartmoor is very rocky; the lower hills grassy. High Willhayse, on Dartmoor (2039 feet), is the highest point. Copper, tin, lead, iron, and manganese occur in commercial quantities, with ores of several other metals; china, terra-cotta, potter's, and pipe clays; granites, marbles, anthracite, lignite, gypsum, and other earthy minerals. The Tamar, 59 miles, is the longest of numerous rivers, and divides Devon from Cornwall; the Exe, 54 miles, rises in Somerset. The other rivers are the Dart, Teign, Taw, Torridge, and Plym (all rising in Dartmoor), Exe, and Tamar. The red deer still run wild on Exmoor. The climate, especially in the south, is mild and humid, and not liable to great extremes. Hence, several of the coast-towns have become famous as health-resorts - notably Torquay and Ilfracombe. Myrtles and aloes commonly flourish in the open air; and in specially favoured spots oranges and lemons, with a little protection, will thrive and fruit. The county is most fertile, especially in the South Hams, and on the ' red land' of the Vale of Exeter. The pastures are very rich, and dairy-farming and cattle-breeding are prominent in its agriculture. The red Devon cattle are one of the leading breeds; and the sheep and ponies of Dartmoor and Exmoor have more than a local reputation. ' Clotted cream' is a special product. There are extensive orchards, from which great quantities of cider are made. The fisheries are extensive and valuable. Though in the main agricultural, Devon has a varied industrial character. Mining and quarrying and clay-working are of considerable importance; and the manufactures include serges, lace, gloves; extensive potteries; manure, chemical, and soap works; paper-mills, breweries, and distilleries. The chief towns are Exeter, Plymouth, Devonport, Torquay, Tiverton, Barnstaple, Stonehouse, Tavistock, Teignmouth, Newton, Dartmouth, and Brixham. Pop. (1801) 340,308; (1841) 532,959; (1901) 661,314. Under the Reform Act of 1885 Exeter returns one member, Plymouth and Devon-port two each, and the rest of the county is divided into eight single-member constituencies. No county save Middlesex has given birth to so many great men - Raleigh, Drake, Hawkins, John Davis, Sir Humphrey Gilbert, Sir Richard Grenville, Monk, Marlborough, Bishop Jewell, Gay, St Boniface, Newcomen, Wolcott, Sir Joshua Reynolds, Coleridge, Kingsley, John Ford, among them. See works by Worth (1886) and Page (1893). Dewas', a protectorate of Central India, held conjointly by two Rajput chiefs. Area, 289 sq. m.; pop. 172,073. The capital, Dewas, 20 miles NE. of Indore, has a pop. of 12,921.