Duisburg

Duisburg (Doo'is-boorg), a town of Rhenish Prussia, 16 m. N. of Dusseldorf by rail, in a fertile district between the Ruhr and Rhine, with both of which it is connected by a canal. Its manufactures include tobacco, soda, sulphuric acid, soap, candles, starch, and sugar; and in and near it are great ironworks and coal-mines. Pop. (1816) 4508; (1900) 92,730 (nearly half Protestants).

Dukeries

Dukeries. See Worksop. Dukinfield, a Cheshire sub-district, mostly within Stalybridge parliamentary borough.

Dulcigno

Dulcigno (Dool-cheen'yo; Serb Ultschin), a port of Montenegro, 20 miles SW. of Scutari, and till 1880 a Turkish town. Pop. 5000.

Dulverton

Dulverton, a town of Somerset, on the Barle, 12 miles NNW. of Tiverton. Pop. 1265.

Dulwich

Dulwich (Dul'litch), a suburb of London, in the north-east of Surrey, 4 1/2 miles S. of St Paul's Cathedral, and a little to the west of Sydenham. It consists chiefly of villa residences, and is noted for its college and picture-gallery. The college was founded in 1619 by Edward Alleyn, the actor, and comprises almshouses, upper and lower schools, a chapel, etc, the upper school transferred in 1870 to new buildings, erected at a cost of nearly 100,000. The picture-gallery was bequeathed by the painter Sir Peter Francis Bourgeois (1756-1811). Dulwich was in 1885 included in Camberwell parliamentary borough. Pop. 97,320. See works by Hovenden (1873), Blanch (1877), Galer (1891), and W. Young (1891).

Dumdum

Dumdum (Dam Dama), a Bengal municipality, 4 1/2 miles NE. of Calcutta. Here in 1857 was the first open manifestation by the sepoys against the greased cartridges. Pop. 18,000.

Duna

Duna. See Dwina.

Dunaburg

Dunaburg (Dunaboorg'), a fortified town of Western Russia, the capital formerly of Polish Livonia, on the Duna, in the government of Vitebsk, 127 miles SE. of Riga by rail. Pop. 69,633.

Dunbar

Dunbar, a town on the rocky coast of Haddingtonshire, backed by the Lammermuirs, 29 miles E. of Edinburgh by rail. Little remains of its sea-built castle, the stronghold from 1072 to 1435 of Gospatric and his descendants, the Earls of Dunbar and March. In 1339 'Black Agnes ' held it for six weeks against the English; but it was dismantled in 1568, the year after Queen Mary's abduction hither by Bothwell. Dunbar was the scene, too, of Cromwell's great victory over Leslie, 3d September 1650. Fishing is the principal industry, and the new Victoria Harbour was formed in 1844. Dunbar was created a royal burgh by David II., and till 1885 it united with Haddington, etc. to return one member. Pop. 3581

Dunbarton

Dunbarton. See Dumbarton.

Dunblane

Dunblane, a town of Perthshire, on the left bank of Allan Water, 5 miles N. of Stirling by rail. Founded by St Blane, a 7th-century bishop, its church was rebuilt in 1141 by David I. as a cathedral; but except for the Romanesque four lower stages of the steeple (128 feet), that cathedral is now a First Pointed edifice of a hundred years later - its glory the west window, than which Mr Ruskin knew 'nothing so perfect in its simplicity.' The choir was restored in 1873; the ruinous nave in 1893. In 1661 the saintly Robert Leighton chose Dunblane as the poorest and smallest of Scotland's sees; his path near the river still bears the name of the Bishop's Walk, and the library which he bequeathed to his diocese is still preserved in the town. There are also an antique bridge, a mineral spring, and a fine hydropathic (1876); 2 1/2 miles to the east is the battlefield of Sheriffmuir. Pop. 2516.