Earlsferry, a decayed royal burgh of Fife, just W. of Elie (q.v.). Pop. with Elie, 1000.


Earlston, or Ercildoune, a Berwickshire village, 4 miles NNE. of Melrose. It manufactures ginghams, woollens, etc, and has a fragment of the 'Rhymer's Tower,' the traditional abode of Thomas the Rhymer; 1 mile S. is Cow-denknowes, with its 'bonny broom.' Pop. 1060.


Earn, a river and loch in the south of Perthshire, in the finely-wooded, beautiful valley of Strathearn. Lying 306 feet above sea-level, Loch Earn extends 6 1/2 miles eastward, is 3 to 6 1/3 furlongs wide, and 600 feet deep; and sends off the river Earn 46 miles eastward, past Comrie, Crieff', and Bridge of Earn, to the Tay's estuary, 7 miles SE. of Perth.


Easdale, an Argyllshire island, in the Firth of Lorn, 16 miles SW. of Oban. It contains 1 1/2 sq. m., and is separated from the much larger Seil Island by a channel 400 yards wide. Its slate-quarries date from about 1630, and extend to a depth of 220 feet below sea-level. Pop. 284.


Easingwold, a town in the North Riding of Yorkshire, 13 miles NNW. of York. Pop. 1932.

East Anglia

East Anglia. See Anglia.

East Cape

East Cape, the name of the south-eastern extremity of New Guinea, in Goschen Strait, and of the most easterly headlands of Madagascar, the North Island of New Zealand, and Siberia. The last, on Behring Strait, in 169° 38' W. long., is the easternmost extremity of Asia.

East Dereham

East Dereham. See Dereham.

Eastern Roumelia

Eastern Roumelia. See Bulgaria.


Eastham, a township of Cheshire, on the Mersey, 6 1/2 miles SE. of Birkenhead by rail. Near Eastham is the seaward terminus of the Manchester Ship Canal. Pop. 1029.

East Indies

East Indies, The, include the two great peninsulas of southern Asia, and all the adjacent islands from the delta of the Indus to the northern extremity of the Philippines. For the Dutch East Indies, see Holland.

Eastleigh and Bishopstoke

Eastleigh and Bishopstoke, a Southampton urb. dist., 5 miles NE. of Southampton. Pop. 9320.

East Liverpool

East Liverpool, a town of Ohio, on the Ohio River, 44 miles WNW. of Pittsburgh by rail, Pop. (1880) 5568; (1900) 16,485.

East London

East London, a South African seaport, at the mouth of the Buffalo River, 700 miles E. of Capetown, with a large trade. It is the terminus of a railway to the interior. Pop. (1904) 25,220.

East Lothian

East Lothian. See Haddingtonshire.

East Main

East Main, a region of the Hudson Bay territory, constituted a Canadian territory in 1897 under the name of Ungava, and comprising the peninsula of Labrador (q. v.) except the Atlantic coast strip (attached to Labrador)and the southern part (attached to Quebec). The East Main or Slade River enters James Bay after a course of 400 miles.


Easton, capital of Northampton county, Pennsylvania, stands in the fork between the Delaware and Lehigh rivers, 67 miles N. of Philadelphia by rail. It carries on a considerable transport trade by rail and canal, and has foundries, rolling-mills, and manufactures of locks, wire, rope, flour, etc. Easton is the seat of Lafayette (Presbyterian) College (1832). Pop. (1880) 11,924; (1890) 14,481; (1900) 25,238.