Earlston, or Ercildoune, a Berwickshire village, 4 miles NNE. of Melrose. It manufactures ginghams, woollens, etc, and has a fragment of the 'Rhymer's Tower,' the traditional abode of Thomas the Rhymer; 1 mile S. is Cow-denknowes, with its 'bonny broom.' Pop. 1060.
Earn, a river and loch in the south of Perthshire, in the finely-wooded, beautiful valley of Strathearn. Lying 306 feet above sea-level, Loch Earn extends 6 1/2 miles eastward, is 3¼ to 6 1/3 furlongs wide, and 600 feet deep; and sends off the river Earn 46 miles eastward, past Comrie, Crieff', and Bridge of Earn, to the Tay's estuary, 7 miles SE. of Perth.
Easdale, an Argyllshire island, in the Firth of Lorn, 16 miles SW. of Oban. It contains 1 1/2 sq. m., and is separated from the much larger Seil Island by a channel 400 yards wide. Its slate-quarries date from about 1630, and extend to a depth of 220 feet below sea-level. Pop. 284.
East Anglia. See Anglia.
East Cape, the name of the south-eastern extremity of New Guinea, in Goschen Strait, and of the most easterly headlands of Madagascar, the North Island of New Zealand, and Siberia. The last, on Behring Strait, in 169° 38' W. long., is the easternmost extremity of Asia.
East Dereham. See Dereham.
Eastern Roumelia. See Bulgaria.
East Indies, The, include the two great peninsulas of southern Asia, and all the adjacent islands from the delta of the Indus to the northern extremity of the Philippines. For the Dutch East Indies, see Holland.
Eastleigh and Bishopstoke, a Southampton urb. dist., 5 miles NE. of Southampton. Pop. 9320.
East Lothian. See Haddingtonshire.
East Main, a region of the Hudson Bay territory, constituted a Canadian territory in 1897 under the name of Ungava, and comprising the peninsula of Labrador (q. v.) except the Atlantic coast strip (attached to Labrador)and the southern part (attached to Quebec). The East Main or Slade River enters James Bay after a course of 400 miles.
Easton, capital of Northampton county, Pennsylvania, stands in the fork between the Delaware and Lehigh rivers, 67 miles N. of Philadelphia by rail. It carries on a considerable transport trade by rail and canal, and has foundries, rolling-mills, and manufactures of locks, wire, rope, flour, etc. Easton is the seat of Lafayette (Presbyterian) College (1832). Pop. (1880) 11,924; (1890) 14,481; (1900) 25,238.