Epping, a market-town of Essex, at the north end of Epping Forest, 16 miles NNE. of London. It is noted for its cream, butter, sausages, and pork. Population, 4000. - Epping (formerly Waltham) Forest once covered all Essex, and extended almost to London. Enclosures gradually curtailed it from 60,000 acres to 12,000 in 1793, and to less than 4000 in 1871, when the corporation of London undertook the preservation of all that was left, and the recovery of the more recent enclosures. As an outcome of their exertions, and at a cost of about £500,000, the Queen declared 5600 acres of Epping Forest free to the public on 6th May 1882. Reached easily from Loughton, Chingford, and other stations, Epping Forest is still a glorious place alike for naturalist and mere holiday-maker. Its 9 sq. m. of almost unbroken woodland, which at High Beech or Queen Victoria's Wood attain 379 feet above sea-level, form one of the most extensive and beautiful pleasure-grounds in Europe. Separated by a stream from Epping Forest is Hainault Forest (the 'garden fair' of Mr Besant), disafforested in 1851. Here, till 1820, stood Fairlop Oak, the scene of a July fair, as famous in its way as the old Epping stag-hunt on Easter Monday. See works by Buxton (1884) and Fisher (1887).