Esslingen (Ess'ling-en), a town of Wurtemberg, on the Neckar, 9 miles by rail ESE. of Stuttgart. The chief buildings are the old citadel; the Liebfrauen Church (1440), with a beautiful spire 246 feet high; the old (1430) town-house, and the new (1742). It has great machine-shops, and manufactures' Esslingen champagne,' besides woollens, cotton and woollen yarns, lackered iron, etc. Population, 30,000.
Essouan. See Assouan.
Estella, an ancient city of Spain, on the Ega, 27 miles SW. of Pamplona. Pop. 6648.
Estepa, a town of Spain, 60 miles ESE. of Seville. Pop. 8965.
Estepona, a maritime town of Spain, 26 miles NNE. of Gibraltar. Pop. 9934.
Estremadu'ra, a district of Spain, lying between Portugal and New Castile, and watered by the Tagus and the Guadiana. It was divided in 1833 into the provinces of Badajoz and Caceres. Area, 16,701 sq. m.; pop. 845,000.
Estremadura, a Portuguese province containing Lisbon. Area, 6876 sq. m.; pop. 1,232,600.
Estremoz, a town of Portugal, 23 miles NE. of Evora. It makes porous red jars. Pop. 7575.
Eszek. See Essek. Etampes (Ay-ton9p'), a French town of Seine-et-Oise, 35 miles SSW. of Paris by rail. An ancient place, with a street 4 miles long, it has a fragment of a royal castle (c. 1160), a statue of the naturalist Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, a mediaeval h6tel-de-ville, large flour-mills, market-gardens, etc. Pop. 8860.
Eta'wah, a town of the Doab, picturesquely situated among the ravines near the Jumna's left bank, 70 miles SE. of Agra. Cloth, horn combs, and sweetmeats are manufactured. Close by are some famous Hindu temples, and the ghats leading to the river are lined with handsome shrines. Pop. 42,793.
Etchmiadzin, a monastery near Erivan, the ecclesiastical metropolis of the Armenians since 302 a.d.
Eton, a town in the south of Buckinghamshire, on the left bank of the Thames, 21 miles WSW. of London. It lies opposite to Windsor, in Berkshire, and is included in its parliamentary borough. Eton College was founded by Henry VI. in 1440, and its beautiful buildings were completed in 1525, though many additions have been made from time to time, notably in 1889. The boys number about 1000, of whom 70 are king's scholars or collegers, and the rest oppidans. Famous Etonians have been Bolingbroke, Boyle, Canning, Chatham, Derby, Fielding, Fox, Gladstone, Gray, Hallam, Kinglake, Lyttelton, Mil-man, Porson, Praed, Pusey, Shelley, the Wal-poles, Wellesley, and Wellington. Pop. 3300. See works by Lyte, Creasy, Jesse, Lubbock (1S99), Benson, Cust, and Clutton Brock (1900).