Halen (Celt.), 'salt;' as Hallein, Haling. Hall (Teut.),' a stone house;' as Eccleshall, Walsall; (in Germany) a salt-work, as Halle. Ham (A.S., Ger. heim), 'a home;' as Buckingham, Hochheim. Hay, Haigh (Teut.), 'a place surrounded by a hedge;' as Rothwell Haigh, the Hague. Hissar (Turk.), 'a castle.' Hithe (A.S.), 'haven;' as Hythe, Lambeth =
Loam-hithe ('the clayey haven'). Ho (Chin.), 'river;' as Peiho. Hoang, Whang (Chin.), 'yellow;' as Hoangho, Whang-FLai. Holm (Scand., &c), 'an island in a lake or river;' 'a plain near a river;' as Langholm, Stockholm, Flatholm. Holt (Teut.), ' a wood;' as Bagshot, Aldershot, Holstein. Horn (Teut.), 'a peak;' as Schreckhorn ('the peak of terror'), Matterhorn ('meadow-peak'). Hurst (A.S. hyrst), 'a wood;' as Lyndhurst. Ing (A.S.), a suffix denoting son, in pl. 'a family' or 'tribe;' as Warringrton ('the town of the Warrings'), Haddington. Innis or Ennis (Celt.), inch in Scotland, an island; as Inchcolm ('the island of St Columba'); Enniskillen, Ennismore, in Ireland.
Kalat (Ar.), 'a castle;' as Caltagirone.
Kara (Turk.), 'black;' as Karakum ('black sand '), Kara Hissar (' black castle ').
Kil (Celt.), L. cella, 'a cell,' 'a chapel,' or 'church;' as Kilconquhar in Fife, 'the chapel at the head (cean) of the fresh-water lake (iuchair);' Icolmkill, 'the island (I) of Columba of the church.'
Knock. See Cnoc.
Koi (Turk.), ' a village.'
Lis (Celt.), 'an inclosure,' 'a fort,' 'a garden;' as Lismore ('the great inclosure' or ' garden').
Llan (W.), 'an inclosure,' 'a church;' as Llan-daff (' the church on the Taff').
Llano (Span.), ' a plain.'
Loch, Lough (Gael.), 'a lake.'
Markt (Ger.), 'a market;' as Bibertmarkt.
Medina (Arab.), 'a city.'
Mor(Celt.), 'great;' Benmore('great mountain').
Nagy (Hung.), 'great.'
Nant (Celt.), 'a brook or valley;' as Nantwich.
Negro (Span.), ' black.'
Ness or Naze (Scand.), 'a nose' or ' promontory;' as Caithness, Sheerness, Cape Grisnez; the Naze.
Ochter. See Auchter.
Oe. See Ea.
Old, Eld, Alt (Teut.), 'old;' as Althorp, Elton, Eltham, .Aldbury, Abury.
Peel (Celt.), 'a stronghold;' as Peel in Man, and numerous peels on the Border of Scotland.
Pen. See Ben.
Port (L. Portus), 'a harbour;' as Southport.
Ras (Ar.), 'a cape;' as Ras-al-had.
Rath (Ir.), ' a round earthen fort;' as Rathmore.
Rhe, a root found in many languages, meaning 'to flow;' as Mine, Rhone, Rha, Reno, Rye, Ray, Rhee, Wrey, Roe, Rae.
Scar (Scand.),' a cliff;' Scarborough, the Skerries.
Schloss (Ger.), 'a castle.'
Serai (Turk.), 'a palace.'
Set(A.S.), 'a seat,' 'a settlement;' Dorset, Somerset, Ambleside, Sedlitz.
Sierra (Sp. - L. serra), 'a saw;' or from Ar. sehrah, ' an uncultivated tract.'
Slievh (Ir.; allied to L. clivus, a slope), ' a mountain;' as Slievh Beg.
Stadt. See Stead.
Stan (Pers.), 'a land;' Hindustan, Afghanistan.
Staple (A.S.), 'a store;' Dunstable, Barnstaple.
Ster (Scand. stadhr), 'a place;' as Ulster.
Stow. See Stoc.
Strath (Gael.), 'a broad valley;' as Strathmore.
Su(Turk.), 'water;' as Karasu.
Tain (Gael.), 'a river;' as the Tyne, prob. a fofn of Don. Tarn (Celt.), 'still,' 'smooth;' as the Thamesis (' smooth Isis'), the Tema, Tame, Tamar, Tay. Thorpe (Norse), Dorf (Ger.), Dorp (Dut.) 'a village;' as Burnham-Thorpe, Heythorpe, Dusseldorf, Middeldorp. Thwaite (Scand.), ' a clearing;' as Crossthwaite. Tobar (Gael.), ' a fountain;' as Tobermory. Toft (Dan.), 'an inclosure;' as Lowestoft, Ivetot. Tom (Celt.), 'a knoll;' as Tomintoul. Ton, Town, Tun (A.S.), 'inclosure,' 'town;' the most common of English local suffixes. Tor (Celt.; found in L. turris), ' a tower-like rock;' as the Tors in England; Mount Taurus. Tre (W.), 'a dwelling;' as Tretown, Coventry ('convent-dwelling'), Oswestry, Uchihre. Uchel(W.), 'high;' Uachter (Gael.), 'a height;' as the Ochil Hills, Ochiltree, Auchterarder. Var, Varad (Hung.), ' a fortress;' as Nagy-varad. Varos (Hung.), 'a town;' as Ujvaros. Ville(Fr. - L. villa), Villa (It., Span., Port.), Well (Eng.), 'an abode;' as Tankerville, Yeovil, Pottsville, Kettlewell, Bradwell, Maxwellton. Wady (Ar.), 'a river-course or ravine;' as Guadalquivir. Wall, found in many names of places on the Roman wall from Newcastle to Carlisle; as Wallsend, Wallhead. Weald, Wold (Ger. wold), 'a wood;' Waltham, Walden, the Cotswolds; Schwarzwald ('Black Forest'). Whang. See Hoang. Wick, Wich (A.S. uric, 'a village;' Scand. vig, 'a bay' or 'creek;' Dutch, wijk); as Alnwick, Sandwich, Noordwijk. Worth (A.S. weorthig), 'a farm' or 'estate;' as Tamworth, Keniluworth, Bosworth, Worthing. Wy or Gwy (W.), 'water;' as the Wye; used as affix to many streams, as Conway, Medway, Solway. Yeni(Turk.), 'new.'