Halen

Halen (Celt.), 'salt;' as Hallein, Haling. Hall (Teut.),' a stone house;' as Eccleshall, Walsall; (in Germany) a salt-work, as Halle. Ham (A.S., Ger. heim), 'a home;' as Buckingham, Hochheim. Hay, Haigh (Teut.), 'a place surrounded by a hedge;' as Rothwell Haigh, the Hague. Hissar (Turk.), 'a castle.' Hithe (A.S.), 'haven;' as Hythe, Lambeth =

Loam-hithe

Loam-hithe ('the clayey haven'). Ho (Chin.), 'river;' as Peiho. Hoang, Whang (Chin.), 'yellow;' as Hoangho, Whang-FLai. Holm (Scand., &c), 'an island in a lake or river;' 'a plain near a river;' as Langholm, Stockholm, Flatholm. Holt (Teut.), ' a wood;' as Bagshot, Aldershot, Holstein. Horn (Teut.), 'a peak;' as Schreckhorn ('the peak of terror'), Matterhorn ('meadow-peak'). Hurst (A.S. hyrst), 'a wood;' as Lyndhurst. Ing (A.S.), a suffix denoting son, in pl. 'a family' or 'tribe;' as Warringrton ('the town of the Warrings'), Haddington. Innis or Ennis (Celt.), inch in Scotland, an island; as Inchcolm ('the island of St Columba'); Enniskillen, Ennismore, in Ireland.

Inver

Inver (Gael.), 'the mouth of a river;' as Inverness, Inveraray, Innerleithen.

Kalat

Kalat (Ar.), 'a castle;' as Caltagirone.

Kara

Kara (Turk.), 'black;' as Karakum ('black sand '), Kara Hissar (' black castle ').

Kenn

Kenn (Gael.), Kin (Ir.), 'a head;' as Kenmore, Cantire, Kinnaird, Kinross, Kinsale, Kent.

Kil

Kil (Celt.), L. cella, 'a cell,' 'a chapel,' or 'church;' as Kilconquhar in Fife, 'the chapel at the head (cean) of the fresh-water lake (iuchair);' Icolmkill, 'the island (I) of Columba of the church.'

Kin

Kin. See Ceann, Kirk (North E. and Scand.), Kirche (Ger.), Kerk (Dutch); as Selkirk, Kirkwall, Kirkcudbright, Kirchheim, Funfkirchen, Nijkerk, Dunkerque (Dunkirk).

Kizil(Turk.), 'red.'

Knock

Knock. See Cnoc.

Koi

Koi (Turk.), ' a village.'

Lax

Lax (Scand.; Ger. lachs), 'a salmon;' as Loch Laxford in Sutherland; the Laxay in the Hebrides and in Man; Zazweir on the Shannon.

Leamhan

Leamhan (Ir. and Gael.; pron. lavawn), ' the elm-tree;' as in Leven, Lennox, Laune.

Ley(A.S. leah), 'a meadow;' Hadleigh, Waterloo.

Linn

Linn (Celt.), 'a waterfall;' as Lynn Regis in Norfolk; Roslin, 'the promontory (ross) at the fall.'

Lis

Lis (Celt.), 'an inclosure,' 'a fort,' 'a garden;' as Lismore ('the great inclosure' or ' garden').

Llan

Llan (W.), 'an inclosure,' 'a church;' as Llan-daff (' the church on the Taff').

Llano

Llano (Span.), ' a plain.'

Loch

Loch, Lough (Gael.), 'a lake.'

Low and Law

Low and Law (A.S. hlaw), 'a rising ground;' as Hounslow, Ludlow, and numerous laws in Scotland. [Cog. with Goth. hlaiw, and allied to L. clivus, a slope, and E. Lean, v.]

Magh

Magh (Celt.), 'a plain;' as Armagh, Maynooth.

Mark

Mark (Teut.), 'a boundary;' Denmark, Mercia, Murcia.

Markt

Markt (Ger.), 'a market;' as Bibertmarkt.

Medina

Medina (Arab.), 'a city.'

Mere

Mere, Moor (A.S.), 'a lake' or 'marsh;' as Mersey, Blackmore.

Minster

Minster (A. S.), Munster (Ger.),' a monastic foundation;' as Westminster, Neumunster.

Mor(Celt.), 'great;' Benmore('great mountain').

Mor

Mor (Celt.), 'the sea;' as Moray, Armorica, Morlaix, Glamorgan, Morbihan.

Mull

Mull (Gael.), 'a headland;' as Mull of Galloway.

Nagy

Nagy (Hung.), 'great.'

Nant

Nant (Celt.), 'a brook or valley;' as Nantwich.

Negro

Negro (Span.), ' black.'

Ness or Naze

Ness or Naze (Scand.), 'a nose' or ' promontory;' as Caithness, Sheerness, Cape Grisnez; the Naze.

Ochter

Ochter. See Auchter.

Oe

Oe. See Ea.

Old

Old, Eld, Alt (Teut.), 'old;' as Althorp, Elton, Eltham, .Aldbury, Abury.

Patam

Patam (Sans.), ' a city;' Seringapatam, Patna.

Peak

Peak, Pike (conn. with Ger. spitz, Fr. pie and puy), 'point;' as the Peak, the Pikes in Cumberland, Spitzbergen, Pic du Midi, Puy de Dome.

Peel

Peel (Celt.), 'a stronghold;' as Peel in Man, and numerous peels on the Border of Scotland.

Pen

Pen. See Ben.

Polis

Polis (Gr.),' a city;' as Grenoble, Nablous, Naples, Sebastopol, Constantinople.

Pont

Pont (L.), 'a bridge;' as Pontefract, Negropont.

Poor

Poor, Pore, Pur (Sans. pura), 'a town;' as Nag-pur, Cawnpore, Singapore.

Port

Port (L. Portus), 'a harbour;' as Southport.

Ras

Ras (Ar.), 'a cape;' as Ras-al-had.

Rath

Rath (Ir.), ' a round earthen fort;' as Rathmore.

Rhe

Rhe, a root found in many languages, meaning 'to flow;' as Mine, Rhone, Rha, Reno, Rye, Ray, Rhee, Wrey, Roe, Rae.

Ridge

Ridge, in Scotland Rigg (A.S. hrycg, Ger. rucken), 'a back;' as Reigate, Rugeley, Longridge.

Rin

Rin (Celt.), 'a point of land;' Rhinns of Galloway; Penrhyn in Wales, Ringsend near Dublin.

Ross

Ross (Celt.), 'a promontory;' Kinross, Melrose, Rosneath; in S. Ireland, a wood, as Roscommon.

Salz(Ger.), 'salt.'

Scale(Scand.), 'a hut' (Scot. shieling; Ice. skali); Portinscate, and possibly Shields, Galashiels, Selkirk.

Scar

Scar (Scand.),' a cliff;' Scarborough, the Skerries.

Schloss

Schloss (Ger.), 'a castle.'

Serai

Serai (Turk.), 'a palace.'

Set(A.S.), 'a seat,' 'a settlement;' Dorset, Somerset, Ambleside, Sedlitz.

Sex

Sex, 'saxons;' as Essex ('East Saxons'), Sussex (' South Saxons').

Sierra

Sierra (Sp. - L. serra), 'a saw;' or from Ar. sehrah, ' an uncultivated tract.'

Slievh

Slievh (Ir.; allied to L. clivus, a slope), ' a mountain;' as Slievh Beg.

South is found in Suffolk

South is found in Suffolk, Sussex, Southampton, Sutherland, Sutton, Sudbury, Sudley.

Stadt

Stadt. See Stead.

Stan

Stan (Pers.), 'a land;' Hindustan, Afghanistan.

Staple

Staple (A.S.), 'a store;' Dunstable, Barnstaple.

Stead

Stead (A.S.), Stadt (Ger.), Sted (Dan.),' a town;' as Hampstead, Neustadt, Nysted.

Ster

Ster (Scand. stadhr), 'a place;' as Ulster.

Stoc

Stoc, Stow (A.S.),' a stockaded place;' as Bristaw; or Bristol, Elstaw, Tavistock, Stockholm.

Stone

Stone (Ger. stein), 'a stone,' 'a rock;' as Stanton, Staines, Eddystone, Stennis, Frankenstein.

Stow

Stow. See Stoc.

Strath

Strath (Gael.), 'a broad valley;' as Strathmore.

Street

Street (L. stratum), 'a Roman road;' Stratford, Stratton, Streatham.

Su(Turk.), 'water;' as Karasu.

Tain

Tain (Gael.), 'a river;' as the Tyne, prob. a fofn of Don. Tarn (Celt.), 'still,' 'smooth;' as the Thamesis (' smooth Isis'), the Tema, Tame, Tamar, Tay. Thorpe (Norse), Dorf (Ger.), Dorp (Dut.) 'a village;' as Burnham-Thorpe, Heythorpe, Dusseldorf, Middeldorp. Thwaite (Scand.), ' a clearing;' as Crossthwaite. Tobar (Gael.), ' a fountain;' as Tobermory. Toft (Dan.), 'an inclosure;' as Lowestoft, Ivetot. Tom (Celt.), 'a knoll;' as Tomintoul. Ton, Town, Tun (A.S.), 'inclosure,' 'town;' the most common of English local suffixes. Tor (Celt.; found in L. turris), ' a tower-like rock;' as the Tors in England; Mount Taurus. Tre (W.), 'a dwelling;' as Tretown, Coventry ('convent-dwelling'), Oswestry, Uchihre. Uchel(W.), 'high;' Uachter (Gael.), 'a height;' as the Ochil Hills, Ochiltree, Auchterarder. Var, Varad (Hung.), ' a fortress;' as Nagy-varad. Varos (Hung.), 'a town;' as Ujvaros. Ville(Fr. - L. villa), Villa (It., Span., Port.), Well (Eng.), 'an abode;' as Tankerville, Yeovil, Pottsville, Kettlewell, Bradwell, Maxwellton. Wady (Ar.), 'a river-course or ravine;' as Guadalquivir. Wall, found in many names of places on the Roman wall from Newcastle to Carlisle; as Wallsend, Wallhead. Weald, Wold (Ger. wold), 'a wood;' Waltham, Walden, the Cotswolds; Schwarzwald ('Black Forest'). Whang. See Hoang. Wick, Wich (A.S. uric, 'a village;' Scand. vig, 'a bay' or 'creek;' Dutch, wijk); as Alnwick, Sandwich, Noordwijk. Worth (A.S. weorthig), 'a farm' or 'estate;' as Tamworth, Keniluworth, Bosworth, Worthing. Wy or Gwy (W.), 'water;' as the Wye; used as affix to many streams, as Conway, Medway, Solway. Yeni(Turk.), 'new.'