Faroe Islands (Dan. Faar-Oer,' sheep islands'), a Danish group of islands, twenty-two in number, of which seventeen are inhabited, lying between the Shetlands and Iceland, 200 miles NW. of the former, in 61° 25' - 62° 25' N. lat., and 6° 19' - 7° 40' W. long. Area, 513 sq. m. ; pop. (1850) 9150; (1901) 15,230. Seaward they present precipitous cliffs, 1000 to 2300 feet high, whilst inland they rise into flat-topped pyramidal mountains, which attain 2502 feet in Stromo and 2895 in Ostero. The currents that run through the sounds are swift and dangerous ; storms and whirlwinds are frequent; and the harbours and anchorages in the fjords and bays are not very secure, but, on the other hand, nearly always free from ice. The islands yield peat and coal. Trees there are none, owing to the storms; timber for building purposes is imported from Norway. The principal sources of wealth are sheep-farming, wild-fowling, and fishing; and the products of these, including wool, feathers, salt and dried fish, train-oil, and skins, are the principal exports. The largest islands are Stromo (28 miles long by 8 broad), Ostero, Vaago, Sando, and Sudero. The capital of the group is Thorshavn in Stromo, with 984 inhabitants ; Kirkebo, on the same island, was formerly the seat of a bishop. The inhabitants, of Norse descent, are Lutherans, and speak an Old Norse dialect, though modern Danish is the language of law-courts, churches, and schools. Since 1854 they have enjoyed a certain amount of self-government. From the time of their first colonisation in the 9th century the Faroe Islands belonged to Norway down to 1380, in which year they passed to Denmark.