Fraser River

Fraser River, the principal stream of British Columbia, is formed by two branches, which unite near Fort George, in 54° N. lat. and 122° 45' W. long. ; thence the river flows 800 miles southward to the Georgian Gulf, just north of the international boundary of 49° lat. Its chief affluent is the Thompson River. The rich alluvial deposits of gold along the Fraser's lower basin first attracted emigration to British Columbia ; the lower valley contains some of the best farming land in the province. The salmon-canneries are also important. Steamboats can ascend for 100 miles.


Fraserville, or Riviere du Loup, a town and watering-place of Quebec, on the Riviere du Loup at its confluence with the St Lawrence, 127 miles from Quebec. Pop. 4570.


Fratta-Maggiore, a town of Italy, 9 miles by rail N. of Naples. Pop. 10,848.


Fraustadt (Polish Wszowa), a town of Prussia, 14 miles NB. of Glogau by rail. Near here Charles XII. of Sweden routed the Saxons, 13th February 1706. Pop. 7378.

Fray Bentos

Fray Bentos (officially Independencia), capital of the Uruguayan dep. of Rio Negro, on the Uruguay River, 72 miles SSW. of Paysandu. Here is the great Liebig meat-factory. Pop. 5500.


Fredericia, a Danish seaport on the east coast of Jutland, at the northern entrance to the Little Belt. Founded by Frederick III. in 1652, in 1657 it was stormed and razed by the Swedes, nor was it re fortified until 1709. It suffered during the wars of 1848-49 and 1864. Pop. 13,042.


Frederick, a city of Maryland, 61 miles W. by N. of Baltimore by rail, with a college (1797), foundries, tanneries, flour-mills, etc. Pop. 9193.


Fredericksburg, a town of Virginia, on the Rappahannock, 61 miles N. of Richmond, with flour, paper, and sumach mills, etc. Pop. 552S.


Fredericton, capital of the province of New Brunswick, Canada, stands on the St John River, 58 miles NNW. of the port of St John. It is the seat of an Anglican bishop and of a university. Pop. 7218.


Frederikshald, a fortified seaport of Norway, on the Idde Fjord, near the Swedish border, 85 miles by rail SSE. of Christiania. It was burned down in 1826. To the south-east stands the never-captured fortress of Frederiksteen (1661), before which Charles XII. of Sweden was killed (1718). Pop. 12,000.


Frederikshavn, a port of Jutland, on the Cattegat, 52 miles NE. of Aalborg. Pop. 6891.


Frederikstad, a seaport of Norway, at the mouth of the Glommen, 58 miles S. of Christiania by rail. Pop. 14,217.


Freeport, capital of Stephenson county, Illinois, on the Pecatonica River, 121 miles WNW. qf Chicago by rail. Pop. 13,189.


Free-town, capital of Sierra Leone (q.v.), on the north side of the peninsula, 5 miles from the Atlantic. Founded as Granvilletown in 1787, it is enclosed by a range of wooded hills. The climate, is unhealthy, especially for Europeans. Pop. 35,000, almost all negroes.