Gambler Islands, or Mangareva, a Polynesian group of six larger and several smaller islands, under a French protectorate, in 23° 8' S. lat. and 134° 55' W. long. Area, 15 sq. m.; pop. 445.
Gamrun. See Gombroon.
Gand. See Ghent.
Gandersheim (Gan'ders-him), a town of 2507 inhabitants in Brunswick, 30 miles N. of Gottin-gen by rail. Its famous abbey (852) gave the title of abbess to the daughters of German princes, and until 1803 was itself a principality.
Gando, a Fulah state of the western Soudan, lying west of Sokoto, and on both sides of the Niger north of Borgu; most of it is now, since 1900, within (British) Northern Nigeria, while the western part is in the French Sahara. - Gando, 50 miles SW. of the town of Sokoto, is the capital; the trading town on the Niger is Egga (q.v.).
Gandolfo. See Castel Gandolfo.
Gan-hwuy, or An-hui, an eastern inland province of China, crossed by the Yang-tsze-Kiang.
Ganjam, a town of Madras presidency, at the mouth of the Rishikuliya, 18 miles NE. of Ber-hampur. Pop. 5037.
Gantang Pass, 18,295 feet high, leads eastward from the Bashahr hill state, across the Himalayas into Chinese territory.
Gantur. See Guntur.
Garabit, a point on the railway from Mar-vejols (Lozere) to Neussargues, 10 miles S. of St Flour, in the French dep. of Cantal, where the line crosses a gorge through which the waters of the Truyere run, 401 feet below the rails. The Eiffel viaduct here is 1852 1/2 feet long, and crosses the river by an arch, with a span of 541 1/3 feet.
Garamantes. See Fezzan.
Garaye, La, a ruined chateau in Brittany, 2 miles from Dinan. Its last owners, Claude Tous-saint and his countess, in the first half of the 18th century converted it into a hospital, which forms the theme of the Hon. Mrs Norton's poem, The Lady of La Garaye' (1862).
Gard, a French dep. on the Mediterranean, and bounded E. by the Rhone, with an area of 2245 sq. m., one-third arable. It is divided into the ar-rondissements of Alais, Nimes (the capital), Uzes, and Vigan. Pop. (1861) 422,107 ; (1901) 418,470.