German Ocean. See North Sea.
Gero'na, the capital of a Spanish province, 65 miles by rail NE. of Barcelona, with a fine Gothic cathedral and some manufactures. Pop. 16,000.
Gethse'mane (Heb. gath, 'a wine-press,' and shemen, 'oil') was a small farm or estate at the foot of Mount Olivet, somewhere on the east slope of the Kedron valley, and rather more than 1/2 mile from Jerusalem.
Gettysburg (g hard), in Pennsylvania, 50 miles by rail SSW. of Harrisbnrg, with a Lutheran college (1832) and seminary. Pop. 3500. Here in 1863 (July 2-3) Meade defeated Lee.
Ghadames. See Gadames.
Ghats, or Ghauts ('gates, passes, or landing-stairs'), Eastern and Western, two converging ranges of mountains, which run parallel with the east and west coasts of southern India, and meet at an angle near Cape Comorin. (1) The Eastern Ghats commence a little north of the Mahanadi, and run through Madras, with an average height of 1500 feet, for the most part at a distance of from 50 to 150 miles from the coast. (2) The Western Ghats stretch from the valley of the Tapti to their junction with the kindred ridge, and on to Cape Comorin itself. Their elevation varies from 3000 feet to 8760 in the peak of Dodabetta, in the Nilgiri hills.
Ghazipur, a city in the United Provinces of India, on the left bank of the Ganges, 44 miles NE. of Benares. It has the ruins of the Palace of Forty Pillars, a marble statue by Flaxman to Lord Cornwallis, who died here in 1805, and manufactures of opium. Pop. 35,000.
Ghazni (also Ghizni and Ghuznee), a fortified town of Afghanistan, stands 7729 feet above sea-level, and 84 miles SW. of Kabul, on the road to Kandahar and at the head of the Gomal route to India. From the 10th to the 12th century it was the capital of the Ghaznevid empire ; and was captured by the Mongols, and in 1738 by Nadir Shah of Persia. It was taken by Lord Keane in 1839, and in 1842 by General Nutt. The celebrated gates of Somnath were kept at Ghazni from 1024 to 1842. Pop. 10,000.