Gironde (Zhe-rongd), a maritime dep. of southwest France, is formed out of part of the old province of Guienne. Area, 3760 sq. m. ; pop. (1872) 705,149; (1901) 821,131. It is watered mainly by the Garonne and the Dordogne, and by the Gironde, the estuary formed by the union of these two rivers. It includes the six arrondisse-ments of Bazas, Blaye, Bordeaux (the capital), Lesparre, Libourne, and Reole.
Girvan (g hard), an Ayrshire seaport and watering-place, at the mouth of the river Girvan, 21 miles SSW. of Ayr by rail. The harbour is small, but has been improved since 1881. Pop. 4024.
Gisborne, a post-town of New Zealand, in the North Island, on the Turanganui (fine bridge, 1885), 250 miles SE. of Auckland. It is the port of entry for Poverty Bay, a name given by Captain Cook in 1769, and sometimes still retained for the town ; only small vessels can come up to the wharves, but in 1889 a harbour was undertaken, to cost £200,000. In 1886 petroleum was struck in the neighbourhood. Pop. 4000.
Gisors (Zhe-zor'), a town in the French dep. of Eure, on the Epte, 43 miles NW. of Paris by-rail. The octagonal donjon of the ruined castle was built by Henry I. of England. Here Richard I. defeated the French in 1198; his watchword, Dieu et mon Droit, has ever since been the motto of the royal arms of England. Pop. 4745.
Gitschin (Czech Jicin), a town of Bohemia, 60 miles by rail NE. of Prague. It was once the capital of the duchy of Friedland, where Wallen-stein built a splendid palace (1630). On 29th June 1866 the Austrians were severely defeated here by the Prussians. Pop. 9871.
Giurgevo (Joor-je-vo; Roumanian Giurgiu), a town of Roumania, on the Danube's left bank, opposite Rustchuk, 40 miles by rail SSW. of Bucharest, of which it is the port. It was originally settled by the Genoese in the 14th century, who called it St George. Pop. 20,866.
Givet (Zhe-veh), a frontier town and first-class fortress in the French dep. of Ardennes, on the Meuse, 31 miles by rail S. of Namur in Belgium. The citadel of Charlemont, on a rock 700 feet above the stream, was reconstructed by Vauban. Pop. 5100.
Gizeh, or Ghizeh, a town in Egypt, on the opposite side of the river from Old Cairo, and approached from Cairo, since 1905, by more than one bridge over the Nile. The Boulak Museum was transferred hither in 1889. ThePyramids(q.v.) of Gizeh are 5 miles away to the W. Pop. 12,500.