Gothenburg (usually pron. Gotenburg; Swed. Goteborg), next to Stockholm the most important town of Sweden, stands at the mouth of the Gota, 284 miles by rail SW. of Stockholm. Although originally founded by Gustavus Adolphus in 1618-21, the town, in consequence of numerous fires, is quite modern - regularly built and clean, with several canals, crossed by numerous bridges, and an excellent harbour seldom obstructed by ice. The few buildings which deserve special mention are the exchange, cathedral, town-hall, museum (art, zoology, industry), and a fine garden belonging to the Horticultural Society. The industries embrace shipbuilding, iron-working, sugar-refining, the brewing of porter, and herring-fishing. During the Continental blockade of 1806, Gothenburg became the chief British depot in northern Europe. The town has given its name to the much-debated Gothenburg Licensing System, which originated here in 1865. All the wine and spirit shops are kept by a company licensed by the town authorities, and are conducted by salaried managers; all profits remaining after the company has been allowed 5 per cent. on its capital go into the town treasury. Pop. (1877) 71,707 ; (1890) 104,657; (1900) 130,619.