Grenadines, a chain of West Indian islets, extending between Grenada and St Vincent, with a total area of 13 sq. m., and 7800 inhabitants. The largest is Carriacou (11 sq. m.).


Grenelle, a south-western suburb of Paris.


Grenoble (Lat. Gratianopolis), since 1839 a first-class fortified city of France, capital of the dep. of Isere, on the river Isere, 59 miles SE. of Lyons. The 15th-century cathedral of Notre Dame, St Laurent, St Andre (with Bayard's monument, transferred hither in 1822), and the Gothic palais-de-justice are the most interesting buildings. The university has some 275 students. The library contains 170,000 volumes and 7500 MSS. The staple manufacture is kid gloves (employing 22,000 persons in 115 factories). There are also manufactures of liqueurs (Chartreuse), hats, cement, and hardware. Pop. (1872) 35,280 ; (1901) 59,480. Grenoble, originally a city of the Allobroges, was fortified by the Romans. Later on it became the capital of Dauphine, passing with it to France in 1349.


Greta, a Cumberland stream flowing 4 miles to the Derwent at Keswick, where is Greta Hall, Southey's home.

Grey Mares Tail

Grey Mare's Tail, a Dumfriesshire waterfall, 10 miles NE. of Moffat, on the Tail Burn, running from Loch Skene to Moffat Water.


Greymouth, a rising port of New Zealand, on the west coast of South Island, at the mouth of the Grey River, 190 miles SSW. of Nelson. Extensive harbour-works, including two breakwaters, have been erected since 1885, and railways to Nelson and Christchurch were undertaken in 1887. The entire district is auriferous, but is even more famous for its coal. Pop. 3787.


Greytown, or San Juan del Norte, the only Nicaraguan port on the Caribbean Sea, is on the north fork of the San Juan, which was nearly silted up till 1889, when labourers were despatched from the United States to commence work on the Nicaraguan inter-oceanic canal, of which Greytown is the proposed Atlantic terminus, and to construct a breakwater. Pop. 1500.


Grigoriopol, a town of South Russia, on the Dniester, 82 miles NW. of Odessa. Pop. 7918.

Grimes Dyke

Grimes Dyke. See Antoninus' Wall.


Grimisay, an Inverness-shire island, between North Uist and Benbecula, measuring 3 by l 1/2 miles. Pop. 291.


Grimma, a town of Saxony, on the Mulde, 19 miles SE. of Leipzig by rail. It has a town-hall (1442), a former royal castle (now a court-house), and a celebrated school (1550, the 'Moldanum Illustre'). Pop. 11,000.


Grinderwald, a beautiful Swiss valley (3468 feet) in the Bernese Oberland, 12 1/2 miles long and 4 broad, forms the approach to the two Grindel-wald glaciers. It is a winter health-resort.

Grinnell Land

Grinnell Land, a barren, mountainous Polar tract on the west side of Kennedy Channel (the northern continuation of Smith's Sound), which separates it from Greenland. It was discovered by Dr Hayes in 1854, and named after Henry Grinnell (1800-74), of New York, who had fitted out Kane's expedition. Greely in 1882 thoroughly explored it. North and south it is covered with ice-caps ; between them lie valleys that get quit of their snow in summer, and support herds of musk oxen. In the interior are Lake Hazen, 60 miles long, and two ranges of mountains, one with Mount Arthur (5000 feet). - Another Grinnell Land, discovered by De Haven in 1850, lies farther SW., off the NW. extremity of North Devon Island.