Gualeguaychu, a town of Entre Rios, Argentina, on the Gualeguaychu River, which enters the Uruguay 11 miles below, with a great beef-preserving factory. Pop. 14,000.
Guanajuato (Gwanahwa'to), an inland state of Mexico, with an area of 12,500 sq. m., and a pop. of over 1,100,000. The capital, Guanajuato, is a mining-town curiously situated on a deep ravine, traversed by a mountain-torrent. The public buildings include a large government palace, a mint, cathedral, public granary, etc. The electric light and telephones have been introduced. There are amalgamation works, blanket-factories, and cotton-printing works. Pop. 52,112.
Guapore, a head-stream of the Madeira (q.v.).
Guardafui, Cape, the most eastern point of the African continent, and the extremity of the Somali country. It is in 11° 50' N. lat. and 51° 14' E. long.
Guaxaca. See Oaxaca.
Guayaquil (Gwiakeel'), the chief commercial city of Ecuador, lies in the fertile valley of the Guayas, 30 miles above its mouth. It has a custom-house, cathedral, town-hall, tramways, water-works, a statue to Bolivar (1889), etc. The manufactories include steam sawmills, foundries, machine-shops, ice-factories, and a lager beer brewery; and the place is noted for its straw hats and hammocks. Ships drawing 18 feet can come up to the breakwater, and below the town are a wharf and dry-dock. A railway penetrates the interior to Chimbo (64 miles). The annual exports average £1,500,000, of which cocoa represents nearly two-thirds; other items are coffee, ivory-nuts, rubber, hides, and specie. The town was founded by Orellana in 1537, and removed to its present site in 1693. Pop. 64,515. The Bay of Guayaquil is the only important bay on the west coast of South America north of Patagonia.
Guayra. See Guaira.
Gubbio (anc. Iguvium or Eugubium), a decayed city of Central Italy, on the SW. declivity of the Apennines, 20 miles NNE. of Perugia. It has a 13th-century cathedral, several mediaeval palaces, and remains of an ancient theatre. The celebrated Eugubine Tables are preserved in the town-house. Gubbio was noted about 1525 for its majolica ware, still imitated in a few factories. Pop. 9540.