Hague, The (Dutch 's Gravenhage, ' the count's hedge'), the capital of the Netherlands, 2 miles from the North Sea and 15 NNW. of Rotterdam. It is intersected by canals and shady avenues of lime-trees, and has many fine public buildings and private houses. In the centre of it is the Vijver, or Fish-pond, to the south of which stands the old castle of the Counts of Holland, where the Dutch parliament sits. In its gate-tower the brothers De Witt were confined till dragged thence and torn to pieces by the populace (1672). The picture-gallery has a splendid collection of works by native painters (Paul Potter's 'Bull' and Rembrandt's ' Lesson in Anatomy'); and there are the royal library, with 200,000 volumes, 4000 MSS., etc.; the municipal and other museums; the town-house; and the royal palaces. Amongst the numerous statues are those of William I. (two in number), William II., Spinoza, Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar, and the monument which commemorates the deliverance from the French. Close to the town is the beautiful pleasure-park called 'The Wood' (Bosch), in which stands a royal residence (1647) with the magnificent so-called ' Orange Hall.' The great Peace Conference was held here in 1899; The Hague is the seat of the resulting arbitration courts, for which Mr Carnegie provided permanent buildings. (See also Scheveningen, Ryswick.) Industries are iron-founding, copper and lead smelting, cannon-founding, printing, furniture and carriage making, and the manufacture of gold and silver lace. Pop. (1875) 100,254; (1903) 229,840. From 1250 a hunting-lodge of the Counts of Holland, The Hague in 1527 became the seat of the supreme court in Holland, in 1584 the place of assembly of the States of Holland and of the States-general; and it was also the residence of the stadtholders.