Harleston, a Norfolk market-town, near the Waveney, 6 1/2 miles SW. of Bungay. Pop., with Redenhall, 2003.


Harlingen (Frisian Hams), a Dutch seaport, in Friesland, on the Zuider Zee, 14 miles W. by S. of Leeuwarden. It has a good harbour (1875). Pop. 10,274.


Harlow, an Essex town, near the Stort, 6 miles SSW. of Bishop-Stortford. Pop. of parish, 2643.


Haro, a town of Spain, on the Ebro, 31 miles by rail NW. of Logrono. Pop. 7526.

Harpers Ferry

Harper's Ferry, a post-village of West Virginia, situated among beautiful scenery at the confluence of the Shenandoah with the Potomac, 81 miles W. of Baltimore by rail. It was the scene of John Brown's abolition raid in 1859 ; and here a Union army of over 11,500 men surrendered to Stonewall Jackson in 1862. Pop. 864.


Harpurhey, a township within the parliamentary borough of Manchester.


Harrar. See Harar.


Harrington, a Cumberland coast-town, 4 1/2 miles N. of Whitehaven. Pop. of parish, 3635.


Harris, in the Hebrides, is the southern portion of the island of Lewis (q.v.), with islets; pop. 5300.


Harrisburg, the capital of Pennsylvania, is situated amid beautiful scenery on the left bank of the Susquehanna River, which is here crossed by several long bridges, 106 miles W. by N. of Philadelphia. It contains the capitol, courthouse, arsenal, insane asylum, and a Roman Catholic cathedral. The city has a number of blast-furnaces and rolling-mills, and large manufactures of steel and iron, including boilers, machinery, nails, and files; cotton goods, flour, bricks, shoes, brooms, etc. are also produced, and there is a large trade in lumber. Founded in 1785, Harrisburg became the state capital in 1812. Pop. (1870) 23,104 ; (1900) 50,167.


Harrismith, a town in the east of the Orange River Colony, 160 miles NW. of Durban by rail. Pop. (1904) 8300.


Harrison, a town of New Jersey, on the Passaic, opposite Newark. It manufactures oilcloth, wire, thread, etc. Pop. 10,600.


Harrogate, or Harrowgate, a watering-place in the West Riding of Yorkshire, lies among the moors, 450 feet above sea-level, and by rail is 17 miles N. of Leeds and 20 WNW. of York. It consists of two parts, High and Low, and is celebrated for its sulphureous, saline, and chalybeate springs. The sulphureous springs are of laxative and diuretic quality, while the chalybeate are tonic. The waters are used both externally and internally, and are in great repute in many diseases of the skin and in some cases of dyspeptic disorders, scrofula, gout, jaundice, rheumatism, etc. The springs were discovered in 1596. Harrogate is a remarkably healthy place, the death-rate per 1000 ranging in six years between 13 2 and 103. It was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1883. Pop. (1851) 3678 ; (1901) 28.423. See Smollett's Humphrey Clinker (1771) and Grainge's History of Harrogate (1871).