Hartford, the capital of Connecticut, on the right bank of the Connecticut River, 50 miles from its mouth, and 112 by rail NE. of New York. It is a handsome city, with streets not all too regular, and an imposing state capitol of white marble, arsenal, post-office, and, on the outskirts, the new buildings of Trinity College (Episcopal), which was founded in 1823. Hartford contains a Congregational seminary, a large hospital, asylums, and several libraries ; it is the seat of a Roman Catholic bishop. There are extensive manufactures of Colt's pistols, Gatling guns, engines, boilers, and machines, hardware, stoneware, and wooden wares, and a trade in Connecticut tobacco. The site of a Dutch fort in 1633, and of a colony of Massachusetts settlers as early as 1635-36, Hartford was incorporated as a city in 1784, and has been sole capital of the state since 1873. About 1780 the ' Hartford wits,' of whom Joel Barlow was one, made the city a literary centre. Here in 1814 took place the meeting of New England delegates known as the Hartford Convention. Pop. (1870) 37,180; (1880) 42,015 ; (1890) 53,230 ; (1900) 79,850. [