Herefordshire, an inland county in the west of England, bounded by Shropshire, Worcester, Gloucester, Monmouth, and South Wales. In length it measures 38 miles, in breadth 35, and its area is 833 sq. m. Pop. (1801) 89,191; (1871) 125,370 ; (1881) 121,062 ; (1901) 114,380. The surface is mostly hilly with occasional valleys opening into widespread plains, the chief hill-ranges being those of the Hatterell or Black Mountains (2631 feet) on the south-western, and the Malvern Hills (1395) on the eastern boundary of the county. It is watered by the Teme, and the beautiful Wye with its affluents the Lugg, Arrow, and Monnow. Hops are largely cultivated, and the area of the orchards exceeds 27,000 acres. Herefordshire is celebrated for its cattle, and its horses and sheep are in a lesser degree well known. Cider-making is the principal manufacture, and malting is also carried on; whilst sandstone, limestone, and marble have been largely quarried. The county, divided into 11 hundreds and 258 parishes, returns three members, one for each of its two divisions (Leominster and Ross), and one for the city of Hereford. The principal towns are Hereford, Leominster, Ross, and Ledbury. Of places of interest in the county mention may be made of Offa's Dyke (q.v.); of Dorstone, where there is a large and curious cromlech known as ' Arthur's Stone;' of the ruins of Clifford Castle, the birthplace of 'Fair Rosamond;' and of the Hereford Beacon on the Malvern Hills, on which is a camp, ascribed to Caractacus. Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex (Queen Elizabeth's favourite), Richard Whittington, David Garrick, John Kyrle ('The Man of Ross'), and Nell Gwynne, were all natives of Herefordshire; and Mrs Browning, the poetess, passed her childhood there. See the Quarterly Review for 1879, and works there cited, with one also by Thornhill Timmins (1892).