Hindustan, 'the land of the Hindus,' is a term of the same class as Turkestan or Afghanistan. It properly refers only to the plain of the Ganges and Jumna, but is loosely used for India at large. See India.
Hiogo. See Hyogo.
Hiroshima, a Japanese city and port on the Inland Sea, with a sacred island, 50 miles SW. of Hyogo. Pop. 125,000.
Hispania. See Spain.
Hissar, a province of Bokhara, from which it is separated by a southern offset of the western prolongation of the Thian-Shan Mountains. The country consists of a series of southward valleys, traversed by streams which flow to the Oxus or Amu-Daria. The soil is fertile. Copper and rock-salt abound. The inhabitants (number unknown) are chiefly Usbegs and Tajiks. The main route from India to Bokhara passes through the province, which was annexed by Bokhara in 1869. The capital, Hissar (pop. 10,000), is on the Kafirnihan River. Its people are noted sword-makers.
Hissarlik. See Troy.
Hit (anc. Is), a town of Turkey in Asia, on the Euphrates, 85 miles WNW. of Bagdad, with bitumen-pits and naphtha-springs. Pop. 2500.
Hitchin, a thriving market-town of Hertfordshire, on the Hiz, through the Ivel, a feeder of the Ouse, 32 miles NNW. of London. An important railway junction, it has a fine old parish church, a modern town-hall, a free school (1622), a Friends' school, etc. The principal trade is in corn, malt, and flour; there are several large breweries; and many females are employed in straw-plaiting. Lavender has been grown here since 1568, and commercially, for lavender-water, since 1823. Hitchin was a place of some consequence in the days of King Alfred. It was the original seat (1869) of Girton College (q.v.). Pop. (1851) 5258 ; (1901) 10,072.