Hit'teren, an island off the west coast of Norway. Area, 203 sq. m. ; pop. 2900.


Hjelmar, a lake of Sweden (40 miles by 15) discharging into Lake Malar.


H'Lassa. See Lhassa.


Ho'boken (named from a southern suburb of Antwerp), a city in New Jersey, on the west bank of the Hudson River, adjacent to Jersey City, and opposite New York, with which it is connected by steam-ferries. It has a large shipping trade, especially in coal; iron-castings and lead-pencils are among the manufactures. The Stevens Institute of Technology here is an important school. Pop. (1880) 30,999 ; (1900) 59,364.


Hochelaga. See Montreal.


Hochheim, a town of Prussia, in Hesse-Nassau, on the Maine's right bank, 3 miles E. of Mainz. Here is produced the excellent white wine called Hochheimer (whence Hock). Pop. 2800.


Hochkirch, a Saxon village, E. by S. of Bautzen. Here Frederick the Great was defeated by the Austrians (14th October 1758).


Hochstadt. See Blenheim.


Hodeida, a seaport of Yemen, in Arabia, on the Red Sea. Pop. 25,000.


Hof, a town of Bavaria, on the Saale, 30 miles NE. of Baireuth. It manufactures ironwares, cottons, and woollens. Hof, almost entirely rebuilt since the great fire of 1823, is associated with Jean Paul Richter's earlier years. Pop. 33,500.


Hofhuf, a town and fortress of the Arabian district of El-Hasa, over against the islands of Bahrein in the Persian Gulf. Pop. 35,000.


Hogue, Cape La. See La Hogue.


Hohenems, a small town of Vorarlberg, Austria, 15 miles S. of Bregenz by rail. Pop. 4700.


Hohenlinden, a village of Bavaria, 20 miles E. of Munich. Here 70,000 French under Moreau defeated 60,000 Austrians, 3d December 1800.


Hohenlohe, a former German principality in Franconia, now comprised in Wurtemberg and Bavaria.


Hohenschwangau, a royal castle in Bavaria, 55 miles SW. of Munich, near the Lech's right bank, 2933 feet above sea-level. It was purchased in 1832 by the crown-prince Maximilian, who restored it in the style of a magnificent feudal castle. On an opposite crag stands the castle of Neuschwanstein, which was built in 1869-71 on the site of the original Hohenschwangau by King Louis.


Hohenstein, a Saxon town, with textile industries, 12 miles NE. of Zwickau. Pop. 13,400.


Hohenzollern, two united principalities (Hechingen and Sigmaringen) of South Germany, but belonging to Prussia, consist of a narrow strip of land entirely surrounded by Wurtemberg and Baden. Area, 441 sq. m. ; pop. (1890) 66,085, mostly Catholics. The territory, generally mountainous, stretches south-east from the Black Forest, across the Neckar and the Danube. The seat of government is Sigmaringen. Frederick VI., of the younger line of the Hohen-zollerns, in 1415 received from the Emperor Sigismund the electorate of Brandenburg, thus founding the reigning dynasty of Prussia. The two branches of the elder line continued unbroken till 1849, when the reigning princes ceded their principalities to the king of Prussia.