Horeb. See Sinai.


Horn, Cape, commonly spoken of as the southernmost point of America, is a steep, black, bare mountain-headland of one of the small islands of the Fuegian Archipelago, 55° 59' S. lat., 67° 14' W. long. Sighted by Drake in 1578, it was named Hoorn, anglicised 'the Horn,' when rounded in 1616 by the Dutch navigators, Lemaire and Schouten. To avoid the dangerous doubling of Cape Horn, steamers now pass through the Strait of Magellan.


Horncastle, an ancient market-town of Lincolnshire, at the foot of the Wolds, between the confluent Bain and Waring, 21 miles E. of Lincoln by a branch-line (1855). It has a handsome Perpendicular church (restored 1861), a corn exchange (1856), a grammar-school (1562), and a great August horse-fair. Roman remains have been found here, and in the neighbourhood are Scrivelsby, long the seat of the Dymokes, champions of England; Winceby, the scene of a Royalist defeat (1643); Woodhall Spa, with a salt-spring discovered in 1820; and the site of the Cistercian abbey of Revesby (1142). Population, about 4000. See a work by Weir (1820).


Hornellsville, a town of New York, 91 miles SE. of Buffalo by rail, with railway workshops, and manufactures of mowing-machines, shoes, etc. Pop. 12,000.


Hornsea, a Yorkshire town, near the sea, 16 miles NE. of Hull. Pop. 2380.


Horodenka, a town of Austria, in East Galicia, 106 miles SE. of Lemberg. Pop. 11,226.


Horsens, a Danish seaport, at the head of the Horsensfiord, 32 miles SSW. of Aarhuus by rail. Pop. 22,250.


Horsforth, a township of Yorkshire, on the Aire, 5 miles NW. of Leeds. Pop. 7782.


Horsham, a market-town of Sussex, near the source of the Arun, 26 miles NNW. of Brighton and 35 SSW. of London. The noble parish church, Early English in style, was restored in 1865;

Other buildings are the corn exchange (1766), grammar-school (1540; rebuilt 1840-57), etc. Christ's Hospital was transferred hither from London in 1902. Horsham returned two members from the 14th century till 1832, and then one till 1885. Pop. 9500.


Horten, the chief naval port of Norway, on the Christiania Fjord, 30 miles S. of Christiania. It has an arsenal and shipbuilding yards. Pop. 8500.


Horwich, a Lancashire town, 4 miles WNW. of Bolton. It has cotton, bleaching, paper, terracotta, and other industries. Pop. (1881) 3761; (1901) 15,084.


Hoshangabad, a town in the Central Provinces of India, on the Nerbudda River, 40 miles SSE. of Bhopal by rail. It trades in English piece-goods, cotton, grain, etc. It has been in British hands since 1817. Pop. 13,863.


Hoshiarpur, a Punjab town, near the Siwalik Hills, 90 miles E. of Lahore. Pop. 21,552.


Hospital, a Limerick village, 3 miles NW. of Knocklong station. Pop. 695.

Hot Springs

Hot Springs, a town of Arkansas, 56 miles WSW. of Little Rock. It has over fifty thermal springs (95° to 148° F.). Pop. 10,000.