Hudson, a river in New York, and one of the most beautiful and important in America. It rises in the Adirondack Mountains, 4326 feet above sea-level. At Glen's Falls it has a fall of 50 feet, and thence runs nearly due south to its mouth at New York City. It is tidal up to Troy, 151 miles from its mouth, and magnificent steamboats ply daily between New York and Albany. Below New-burg, 60 miles from New York, the river enters the beautiful highlands, which rise abruptly from the water to the height of 1600 feet. Here was the scene of Arnold's treason and of Andre's fate ; and West Point is 8 miles below Newburg. Emerging from the highlands, the river widens into a broad expanse called Tappan Bay, 4 1/2 miles wide and 13 long. Below, on the right bank, a steep wall of trap rock, called the Palisades, rises from the river's brink to a height of 300 to 510 feet, and extends for nearly 20 miles to the upper portion of the city of New York. The river from here is known as the North River, and is from 1 to 2 miles wide ; and after passing between New York and Hoboken and Jersey City, it falls into New York Bay. Its whole length is 350 miles, and its principal tributaries are the Sacondaga, Mohawk, and "Walkill. The Hudson has valuable shad and sturgeon fisheries. It is connected by canals with Lakes Erie and Cham-plain, and with the Delaware River. Henry Hudson, the English navigator, explored it in 1609. Robert Fulton's first successful experiment in steamboat navigation was made on it in 1807.
Hudson, capital of Columbia county, New York, on the Hudson River's left bank, 116 miles N. of New York City. It extends along a high ridge ending in a bold promontory, and has an active river-trade, a fine court-house, a city-hall, blast-furnaces, and manufactures of fire-engines, paper, leather, flour, etc. Pop. 9570.