Huntsville, capital of Madison county, Alabama, in the valley of the Tennessee, 212 miles ESE. of Memphis by rail. It manufactures cotton, oil, ice, iron, and flour. Pop. 8100.

Huon Gulf

Huon Gulf, an inlet on the east side of New Guinea, in Kaiser Wilhelm's Land.


Hu-pei, one of the central provinces of China, watered by the Yang-tsze.


Hurdwar. See Hardwar.


Hurlford, an Ayrshire town, on the Irvine, 2 miles ESE. of Kilmarnock. It has ironworks, collieries, etc. Pop. 4605.


Hurlingham, at Fulham (q.v.) in Middlesex, on the Thames below the bridge, the headquarters of aristocratic pigeon-shooting.


Hursley, a village of Hampshire, 5 miles SW. of Winchester. John Keble, author of the Christian Year, was vicar here from 1835 till his death in 1866. In 1848, with the profits of that celebrated work, he restored the church, which is rich in modern stained glass. Keble himself lies buried in the churchyard, and in the chancel is the grave of Richard Cromwell.

Hurst Castle

Hurst Castle, a Hampshire fortress, dating from 1535, at the west entrance of the Solent, 4 miles S. by W. of Lymington. Charles I. was imprisoned here.


Hurstmonceaux (Hurst'mon-so), a village of Sussex, 5 miles N. of Pevensey, with the extensive ivy-covered ruins of a fine castle, built of brick by Sir Roger de Fienes, one of the heroes of Agincourt. It passed in 1727 into the hands of the Hares or Hare-Naylors. The famous Broad Church leader, Archdeacon Hare, was rector from 1832 till 1855, and lies buried in the churchyard.


Hurstpierpoint, a market-town of Sussex, 8 miles N. by \V. of Brighton. Here is St John's College (1849), a middle-class school in connection with Lancing (q.v.). Pop. of parish, 2883.


Husch, or Husi, a town of Moldavia, near the Pruth, 38 miles SSE. of Jassy. Fugitive Hussites founded it in the 15th century. Pop. 18,500.


Husum, an old town in the Prussian province of Sleswick-Holstein, 23 miles W. of Sleswick by rail and 2 1/2 from the North Sea. Pop. 8267.


Hutchinson, a town of Kansas, on the Arkansas River, 48 miles NW. of Wichita. Pop. 9682.


Huy (Hoo-ee ; Flem. Hoey), a town of Belgium, is romantically situated amid lofty rocks on the Meuse, 19 miles SW. of Liege by rail. Its citadel (1822) commands the passage of the river, and its trade depends on ironworks, coal-mines, and manufactures of paper, leather, beer, spirits, etc. Pop. 14,403. Peter the Hermit founded here the former abbey of Neufmoustier (Novum Monas-terium), and here in 1115 he died.


Hybla, three cities of ancient Sicily.


Hydaspes. See Jhelum.


Hyde, an important manufacturing town of Cheshire, 7 miles ESE. of Manchester, and 5 NE. of Stockport. Standing in a coalfield, and enjoying ample facilities of communication by road, rail, and canal, it has risen from a mere village to a considerable town, which in 1881 was incorporated as a municipal borough. Cotton is of course the staple manufacture; then come the felt-hat industry, engineering, boiler-making, etc. The town-hall is a handsome building. Pop. (1811)1806; (1861)13,722; (1901)82,788, Hyde Park, a manufacturing town of Massachusetts, on the Neponset River, 8 miles by rail S. by W. of Boston. Pop. 13,293.