Ichang, a walled Chinese town, stands on the Yang-tsze-kiang, where it escapes from the limestone gorges of its middle course, and 1000 miles from Shanghai at its mouth. In 1877 it was declared open to foreign trade. Pop. 35,575.
Icolmkill. See Iona.
Iconium, an ancient town of Asia Minor, situated on the W. edge of the plateau skirting the northern slopes of the Taurus Mountains, 310 miles E. of Smyrna. In 1832 Ibrahim Pasha defeated the Turks there. The modern Konieh or Koniya, the capital of a Turkish vilayet, has a pop. of 20,000 or 30,000. Here is the chief monastery of the Mevlevi or 'dancing' dervishes. Ruins of mosques, madrasas (colleges), etc. attest its decayed splendour.
Ida, a mountain-range in Asia Minor, extending from Phrygia through Mysia into the Troad. Troy stood at its base. On the highest peak (5749 feet) was a temple of Cybele, the Idœan Mother. From Ida flow the Granicus, Simois, and Scamander. - On another Ida (8055 feet) in Crete, Zeus was said to have been educated.
IdumAea. See Edom.
Iglau (Bohm. Jihlava), the second largest town of Moravia, is situated 1703 feet above sea-level, on the river Iglawa, close to the Bohemian boundary, 123 miles NNW. of Vienna by rail. It has some old churches (one founded in 799). Its staples are cloth and woollen goods, besides glass and tobacco. Pop. 24,378.
Igualada, a town of Spain, 32 miles NW. of Barcelona. Pop, 10,218.
Ilchester, a decayed village of Somerset, on the Yeo, 5 miles NW. of Yeovil. Supposed to be the Ischalis of Ptolemy, it was an important Roman station, and a flourishing Saxon town. Roger Bacon was a native. Till 1832 Ilchester returned two members. Pop. 664.