Innsbruck, the capital of Tyrol, 109 miles by rail S. of Munich, stands on the Inn at its junction with the Sill, 1880 feet above sea-level, surrounded and overhung by mountains 7500 to 8500 feet high. It is a beautiful place, with broad tree-shaded streets, arcaded shops, and four squares adorned with statues. The Franciscan church, or Hofkirche, built in the Renaissance style in 1553-63, contains a beautiful and elaborate cenotaph to the Emperor Maximilian I. It consists of a marble sarcophagus supporting the emperor's kneeling effigy in bronze; while on both sides of the aisle are twenty-eight bronze figures of royal personages, by Peter Vischer and others. In the same church are monuments to Andreas Hofer and to the Tyrolese who fell in the wars against France (1796-1809). Other buildings are the imperial castle, built by Maximilian I. and restored by Maria Theresa in 1766- 70; the 'Golden Roof Palace;' the national museum, the Ferdinandeum; and the university (1677, reorganised 182(5), with over 800 students, 105 professors and lecturers, a library of 92,000 volumes, a botanical garden especially rich in Alpine flora, laboratories, etc. Amongst the eight monasteries is the first that the Capuchins founded in Germany (1594). A colossal statue of Hofer was unveiled in 1893. Innsbruck manufactures cloth, machines, glass, and stained glass. Population, 27,000; or, including the suburbs of Hotting and Wilten, 35,800. The Romans had here their principal colony in RhAetia. From 1180 the town belonged to the Counts of Meran ; in 1363 it passed with Tyrol to Austria.