Kalmar, a seaport of Sweden, capital of a Ian or county (area, 4436 sq. m.; pop. 231,396), on an island in Kalmar Sound, opposite the island of Oland. It has a good harbour, a handsome cathedral, and a castle, in which, on 20th July 1397, was signed the 'Union of Kalmar.' The manufactures include matches, chicory, and tobacco, and some shipbuilding. Population, 12,720.
Kalpi, a town in the North-western Provinces of India, stands among rugged ravines near the bank of the Jumna, 50 miles SW. of Cawnpore. Here on 23d May 1858 Sir Hugh Rose defeated 12,000 mutineers. Pop. 14,306.
Kama, the principal affluent of the Volga, rises in the Russian government of Vyatka, and joins the Volga 43 miles below Kazan. The Kama is navigable from Perm (930 miles). It is free of ice about 200 days in the year, and is one of the great highways of communication between Siberia and Nijni Novgorod and St Petersburg.
Kamakura, a coast village of Japan, 12 miles S. of Yokohama. It dates from the seventh century, and was the capital of the Shogunate for 400 years, but is now only of interest to tourists for its beauties and its famous bronze image of Buddha, the Dai-butsu, 50 feet high.
Kambakonam. See Combakonum.
Kamenetz-Podoisk (Polish Kamieniec), capital of the Russian government of Podolia, near the frontier of Austrian Galicia, on a steep rock above an affluent of the Dniester, 243 miles NW. of Odessa. There are a Roman Catholic cathedral (1361), a Greek cathedral (16th century), and an Armenian church. Pop. 36,630.
Kamerun. See Cameboons.
Kamesburgh. See Port Bannatyne.
Kampen, a town of Holland, near the mouth of the Yssel, 5 1/2 miles by rail NW. of Zwolle. It was formerly a Hanse town, and has partly recovered since 1850 the trade which left it as the Yssel sanded up. The church of St Nicholas is one of the finest mediaeval churches in the country. Pop. (1840) 7760; (1900)19,700. Kampen is the Gotham of the Dutch.