Kei Islands

Kei Islands. See Key:


Keir, the seat of the late Sir William Stirling-Maxwell, 1 3/4 mile NW. of Bridge of Allan.

Kei River

Kei River, Great, a river of South Africa, which in 1848 was made the boundary between Cape Colony and Kaffraria. See Transkei.


Keiss, a Caithness fishing-village, 7f miles N. by W. of Wick. Pop. 341.


Keith, a town of Banffshire, on the Isla, 18 miles ESE. of Elgin. It manufactures tweeds, blankets, farm implements, etc. Pop. (1851) 2101; (1891) 4622.


Kelat (also Khelat and Kalat), the capital of Beluchistan, stands at an elevation of more than 7000 feet, in 28o 52' N. lat. and 66° 33' E. long. It was occupied by England (1839-41); and in 1877 a treaty was concluded with the khan, by which a British agent, with military escort, became resident. Pop. 14,000. - Kelat-i-Ghilzai is a fortress of Afghanistan, 75 miles NE. of Kandahar.

Kelati Nadiri

Kelati Nadiri, a strong natural fortress in the Persian province of Khorassan, close to the Russian frontier of Transcaspia.


Kells (anc. Kenlis), a town of County Meath, on the Blackwater, 26 miles by rail W. of Drogheda. Interesting antiquities are St Columba s house, a round tower, and three or four stone crosses. Kells was in 807 made the seat of a bishopric, united to Meath in the 13th century. Prior to the Union it returned two members. Pop. 2427.


Kelmscott, an Oxfordshire mansion, on the Thames, 2 1/2 miles E. by S. of Lechlade, the residence of the poets Rossetti and Morris.


Kelung. See Formosa.


Kelvin, a stream flowing 21 miles south-westward to the Clyde at Partick, near Glasgow.


Kemnay, an Aberdeenshire parish, 18 miles WNW. of Aberdeen, with great granite-quarries.


Kempen, (1) a town of Rhenish Prussia, 7 miles NW. of Krefeld. Pop. 5952. - (2) A town in the Prussian government of Posen, 48 miles by rail NE. of Breslau. Pop. 5787.


Kempten, a town of Bavaria, 54 miles by rail S. by E. of Ulm. The old town was made a free town of the empire in 1289 ; the new town grew up around a monastery (8th century) founded by disciples of St Gall. Cotton-spinning and weaving and the making of machines and hosiery are carried on. Pop. (1875) 12,682 ; (1900) 18,860.

Kempton Park

Kempton Park, in Middlesex, 4 miles W. of Kingston-on-Thames, once a royal residence, is now noted for its race-meetings.


Ken, a Kirkcudbrightshire stream, flowing 28 1/2 miles to the Dee at Parton, and expanding during the last 4 1/2 miles of its course into Lake Ken.


Kendal, or Kirby Kendal, a market-town of Westmorland, on the Kent, 22 miles by rail N of Lancaster and 13 SW. of Ambleside. It is a gray straggling place, with an ancient Gothic church, a ruined castle (the birthplace of Catharine Parr), a town-hall (1828), and a grammar-school (rebuilt 1887). Flemings settled here in 1337, and the town became famous for its woollens and 'Kendal-green' buckram ; whilst Pococke in 1754 refers to its ' manufacture of a sort of frieze call'd cotton, at 8d. a yard, sold mostly for the West Indies, for the slaves.' Nowadays the industries include heavy textile fabrics, such as horse-cloths and railway rugs, besides leather, snuff, paper, etc. Incorporated as a municipal borough in 1575, Kendal returned one member to parliament from 1832 to 1885. Pop. (1851) 11,829; (1901) 14,183. See two works by C. Nicholson (1832-75).