Killarney, a Kerry market-town, 185 miles by rail SW. of Dublin, and 47 WNW. of Cork. The Roman Catholic cathedral, a very imposing structure, along with the Bishop's Palace, was designed by Pugin. There are also a large Episcopal church, a lunatic asylum, a court-house, etc. Pop. (1851) 7127; (1901) 5656.
Killarney, The Lakes of, are a series of three connected sheets of water, the lowermost of which is within l 1/2 mile of the town of Killarney. The outflow is by the river Laune north-west to Castlemain Harbour. These famous lakes are situated in a basin in the midst of the mountains of Kerry, some of which rise abruptly from the water's edge densely clothed with trees from base to summit. The lower lake, Lough Leane, covers 5001 acres in area, is studded with richly-wooded islands - the largest Ross Island, on which is an old stronghold of the O'Donoghues. Another island is the 'sweet Innisfallen' of Moore's song, and on this is the picturesque ruin of an abbey, founded by St Finian the leper in the 6th century. The upper lake covers 430 acres, and is also studded with islands. Between the two is Lough Tore (680 acres). Connecting the upper with the lower and middle lakes is the Long Range, a beautifully-wooded, winding stream 2 1/2 miles long. Midway in its course occurs the famous echo, caused by a lofty rock, the Eagle's Nest. Between the lower and the middle lake is the fine ruin of Muckross Abbey, founded by the Franciscans in 1440. A peculiarity of the scenery is the luxuriant growth of arbutuses on the islands of the lakes. See works by Mr and Mrs Hall (1843-78).