Kincar'dineshire, or The Mearns, a maritime county of Scotland, with Aberdeenshire and the Dee on the N., Forfarshire and the North Esk on the S. and W., and the North Sea on the E. Area, 383 sq. m., or 245,34(3 acres, of which 120,050 are in cultivation, and 23,153 in wood. The county may be divided into four sections - viz. the Coast, the ' Howe o' the Mearns,' the Grampians, and Deeside. Much of the first two is of superior quality ; the ' Howe' forms a continuation of the Valley of Strathmore (q.v.). The Grampians, running across the country from east to west, parallel to the Dee, attain in Mount Battock 2555 feet high. The principal towns and villages are Stonehaven, Bervie, Laurencekirk, Banchory, Johnshaven. Of the objects of antiquarian interest the most noted are Dunnottar Castle and Raedyke's Camp, one of the sites of the Battle of the Grampians. Kincardineshire was the birthplace of George Wishart, Robert Barclay, Dr J. Beattie, and Dr Thomas Reid ; and the father of Robert Burns was born in Dunnottar parish. Pop. (1801) 26,349 ; (1871) 34,630 ; (1901) 40,923.