Lima (Leema), the capital of Peru, lies in a broad valley 6 miles E. of Callao, its port, with which it is connected by two railways (9 miles). The archiepiscopal cathedral (rebuilt 1746) is, after that of Mexico, the most noteworthy in Spanish America. The university (1551) is now housed in the old Jesuits' college. The national library was looted during the Chilian occupation (1881-83), and numerous statues and works of art found their way to Santiago. This disaster, added to revolutions and earthquakes (the worst that of 1746), has wrought sad havoc in Lima, which, with its wide and regular streets, remains still picturesque, but somewhat shabby and very dirty. The trade is almost entirely in the hands of foreigners. The manufactures include iron-casting, copper-smelting, and the making of furniture, silver-ware, gold-lace, and stamped leather. There is a railway to Oroya (128 miles). Lima is the old Indian name revived of what was founded as Ciudad de los Reyes in 1535 by Pizarro (murdered here in 1541, buried in the cathedral crypt). Pop. 115,000.