Luneville (Lu-nay-veel'), a town in the French dep. of Meurthe-et-Moselle, at the confluence of the Meurthe and the Vezouse, 20 miles by rail SE. of Nancy. It was a residence of the Dukes of Lorraine ; their palace is now a cavalry barrack, this town being a great cavalry station. Here was signed the peace of Luneville, on February 9, 1801, between Germany and France. The industry embraces gloves, hosiery, cottons, etc. Pop. 19,100.
Luristan, a mountainous province in the west of Persia. Area, 15,060 sq. m.; pop. about 300,000.
Lurlei. See Lorelei.
Lusignan (Lu-zin-yang), a picturesque town in the French dep. of Vienne, 17 miles SW. of Poitiers. It has a fine 11th-century church, but its castle, associated with the fairy Melusine, was razed by the Catholics in 1574. Pop. 2284.
Lusitania. See Portugal.
Luton, a market-town of Bedfordshire, on the little Lea, among the Chiltern Hills, 31 miles by rail NNW. of London. St Mary's Church, mixed Decorated and Perpendicular in style, is a noble structure, with a flint-work tower 90 feet high. Luton is the chief seat in England of the straw-plait (for hats, bonnets, &c), an industry which dates from the reign of James I., and employs 20,000 persons here and in the neighbourhood. The Plait-hall (1869) is a fine building ; and there are also a town-hall, corn exchange, people's park, etc. Luton was re-incorporated as a municipal borough in 1876. Pop. (1851) 10,648 ; (1901) 36,404. See F. Davis, History of Luton (1855).
Lutterworth, a small town of Leicestershire, on the Swift, 8 miles NNE. of Rugby. The fine old church contains the pulpit and other relics of Wyclif, who was rector from 1374 till his death on 28th December 1384. He was buried here, but in 1428 his remains were dug up and burned, and the ashes cast into the Swift. 'This brook conveyed his ashes into Avon, Avon into Severn, Severn into the narrow seas, they into the main ocean; and thus the ashes of Wyclif are the emblem of his doctrine, which now is dispersed all the world over.' Pop. of parish, 1800.
Luttich. See Liege.