Lutzen, a town of 4501 inhabitants, in Prussian Saxony, 9 miles SE. of Merseburg. Two great battles were fought in its vicinity - the first, a brilliant victory of the Swedes, who lost, however, Gustavus Adolphus, 6th November 1632; the second, on 2d May 1813, a victory of Napoleon over the Russians and Prussians.
Luxor. See Thebes.
Luzern. See Lucerne.
Luzon', the largest of the Philippines (q.v.).
Lybster, a fishing-village of Caithness, 13 1/2 miles SW. of Wick. Pop. 610.
Lycia, a country on the south coast of Asia Minor, bounded by Caria, Phrygia, Pisidia, and Pamphylia. It is a mountainous region, formed by lofty spurs of the Taurus, which reach 10,000 feet in height; the valleys are very fertile.
Lydia, anciently a country in the W. of Asia Minor, celebrated for its fruitful soil and its mineral wealth, particularly for the gold of the river Pactolus. Sardis was the capital, and Croesus its last king.
Lyme Regis, a seaport and watering-place of Dorsetshire, at the mouth of the Lyme rivulet, 5 miles SE. of Axminster and 23 W. of Dorchester. The Cobb breakwater, dating from the 14th century, was reconstructed by government in 1825-26. Chartered by Edward I., and incorporated by Elizabeth, Lyme returned two members till 1832, and then one till 1868. It beat off Prince Maurice (1644), and was Monmouth's landing-place (1685). Natives have been Sir George Somers, Captain Coram, and Miss Mary Aiming, the discoverer of the Ichthyosaurus and Plesio-saurus in the Lias rocks here, which are largely quarried. Pop. (1851) 2661; (1901) 2095. See Roberts's History of Lyme Regis (1834).
Lymington, a watering-place and municipal borough of Hampshire, at the mouth of the Lymington River in the Solent, 12 miles (by a branch-line 18) SW. of Southampton. The saltworks belong to the past; and yacht-building is now the principal industry. It commands fine prospects of the Isle of Wight, and its vicinity abounds in charming scenery. Till 1867 it returned two members, then till 1885 one. Pop. (1851) 2651; (1901) 4165, the borough having been extended in 1889. See works by Garrow (1825), Grove (1835), and King (1879).
Lynchburg, a city of Virginia, lies in a picturesque mountain-region, on the James River, 124 miles by rail W. by S. of Richmond. It is a thriving place, with the electric light and electric trains, and has manufactories of nails, cotton, iron, fanning implements, furniture, etc, besides tobacco, which is the staple of the town's trade. Pop. 21,000.
Lyndhurst, a Hampshire village, the capital of the New Forest, 9 miles SW. of Southampton. Its church (1863) is a brick Early English structure, with conspicuous spire, good stained glass, a monument by Flaxman, and a fresco by Sir Frederick Leighton of the 'Ten Virgins.' Near it is the Verderers' Hall, with Rufus's stirrup. Pop. of parish, 2140.