Lynmouth. See Lynton.
Lynton and Lynmouth, two villages of North Devon, on the Bristol Channel, 18 miles NE. of Barnstaple. Lynmouth stands close to the sea, and Lynton half-way up the cliff, 428 feet above. They were 'discovered' in 1883, and have since been developed, now possessing a cliff-railway 1000 feet in vertical ascent, electric light, nine hotels, etc. Shelley stayed at Lynmouth in 1812 and Southey called it 'the finest spot, except Cintra and Arrabida, I ever saw.' Pop. 1700.
Lyonesse. See Scilly Islands.
MAAM, a locality in County Galway, in a fine pass near the NW. end of Lough Corrib. To the west are the Maam-turk Mountains ; 8 miles N. is Maam-trasna (2207 feet high), giving name to a district west of Lough Mask.
Maas. See Meuse.
Maastricht. See Maestricht.
Macduff. See Banff.
Macedonia, anciently the name of a country, now part of Turkey, lying NW. of the Aegean Sea, mountainous, with fertile plains. Philip II. be-came (338 b.c.) master of Greece ; his son, Alex-ander the Great (356-323 B.C.), conquered half the known world. The present population is mainly Bulgarian, with Greeks on the coast and in some districts ; the Turks are not numerous. In consequence of the oppression of the Christian population and the failure of Turkey to carry out promised reforms, there have been troubles and threatened revolt since 1875. These became acute in 1903, when many encounters between the antagonistic nationalities took place. In 1905 the Powers made a naval demonstration to enforce upon Turkey the carrying out of financial and other reforms.
Machrihanish, a bay on the west coast of Kintyre, 5 miles across from Campbeltown, famous for its golf links and as the wireless telegraph station (with tower over 400 feet high) for trans-Atlantic messages.