Lynmouth. See Lynton.

Lynton and Lynmouth

Lynton and Lynmouth, two villages of North Devon, on the Bristol Channel, 18 miles NE. of Barnstaple. Lynmouth stands close to the sea, and Lynton half-way up the cliff, 428 feet above. They were 'discovered' in 1883, and have since been developed, now possessing a cliff-railway 1000 feet in vertical ascent, electric light, nine hotels, etc. Shelley stayed at Lynmouth in 1812 and Southey called it 'the finest spot, except Cintra and Arrabida, I ever saw.' Pop. 1700.


Lyonesse. See Scilly Islands.


Lyonnais, a former province of France, coinciding nearly with the present deps. of Rhone, Loire, Haute-Loire, and Puy-de-D6me.


Lys, or Leye, rises near Lysbourg, in the French dep. of Pas-de-Calais, and flows 130 miles north-eastward to the Scheldt at Ghent.


Lytham, a Lancashire watering-place, on the N. shore of the Ribble estuary, 14 miles W. of Preston, and 7 SSE. of Blackpool. Pop. 7200.


MAAM, a locality in County Galway, in a fine pass near the NW. end of Lough Corrib. To the west are the Maam-turk Mountains ; 8 miles N. is Maam-trasna (2207 feet high), giving name to a district west of Lough Mask.


Maas. See Meuse.


Maastricht. See Maestricht.


Mablethorpe, a Lincolnshire coast-village, 13 miles by rail (1888) SE. of Louth, with good sands and a submerged forest. Pop. 940.


Macassar, the most southern portion of Celebes, contains the chief town and port, Macassar (pop. 20,000), on the west coast.


Maccaluba, a small mud volcano, 138 feet in height, situated 6 miles N. of Girgenti in Sicily.


Macduff. See Banff.


Macedonia, anciently the name of a country, now part of Turkey, lying NW. of the Aegean Sea, mountainous, with fertile plains. Philip II. be-came (338 b.c.) master of Greece ; his son, Alex-ander the Great (356-323 B.C.), conquered half the known world. The present population is mainly Bulgarian, with Greeks on the coast and in some districts ; the Turks are not numerous. In consequence of the oppression of the Christian population and the failure of Turkey to carry out promised reforms, there have been troubles and threatened revolt since 1875. These became acute in 1903, when many encounters between the antagonistic nationalities took place. In 1905 the Powers made a naval demonstration to enforce upon Turkey the carrying out of financial and other reforms.


Maceio (Masay'o), a port of Brazil, the capital of Alagoas state, on a peninsula that shuts in the Lagoa do Norte from the sea. Pop. 12,000.


Macerata (Matchayrata), a cathedral town of Italy, 44 miles S. of Ancona. Pop. 23,000.

Macgillycuddy Reeks

Macgillycuddy Reeks, a mountain group in Kerry, west of the Lakes of Killarney ; Carran-Tual (3414 feet) is the loftiest peak in Ireland.


Machrihanish, a bay on the west coast of Kintyre, 5 miles across from Campbeltown, famous for its golf links and as the wireless telegraph station (with tower over 400 feet high) for trans-Atlantic messages.