Lynn, or King's Lynn, a seaport, parliamentary and municipal borough of Norfolk, at the mouth of the Great Ouse, 48 miles WNW. of Norwich and 99 N. by E. of London. It still retains traces of the ramparts and a fosse, which once guarded it on the landward side, and abounds in picturesque old timbered houses, ornamented with carved work. Of its four churches the principal are St Margaret's and St Nicholas. Other features of interest are the octagonal Red Mount Chapel; the hexagonal tower of the Grey Friars ; a grammar-school, founded in or before Henry VIII.'s reign, at which Eugene Aram was usher; a guildhall, in which is preserved the Red Register of Lynn, one of the earliest paper books in existence; custom-house (1683); hospital (1834-47); museum (1854); library (1883); technical schools (1894); and two extensive docks (1869-84), admitting vessels drawing 21 feet at 2b spring-tides. Trade is carried on in corn, oilcake, coals, and timber, and shrimps are caught and sent to London. In Edward I.'s reign Lynn was one of the principal ports of the kingdom; in 1474 the Hanse merchants had a factory or 'steelyard' here ; and in 1549 it was a flourishing seat of cloth manufacture. In that year, during Ket's rebellion, one body of the insurgents was encamped here, and in 1643 the town capitulated to the parliamentary force after three weeks' resistance. King John (who in 1204 granted the town its first charter), the dowager-queen Isabella (see Castle Rising), Edward III., Henry VI., Edward IV., Henry VII., and Oliver Cromwell all visited Lynn, which was the birthplace of Cap-grave the chronicler, and the residence of Dr Charles Burney. Pop. (1801) 10,096 ; (1901) 20,288. See Richards's History of Lynn (2 vols. 1812).


Lynn, a city and port of Massachusetts, on Massachusetts Bay, 10 miles NNE. of Boston. Most of the houses are built of wood; among them are many handsome villas belonging to Boston merchants. The chief industry is the manufacture of ladies' and children's shoes, 10,000,000 pairs sometimes in one year. There are also large tanneries. Though founded in 1629, Lynn became a city only in 1850. A great fire in 1889 destroyed property worth $5,000,000. Pop. (1880) 38,274; (1900) 68,513.