Matabe'leland, a country stretching northwards from the Transvaal towards the Zambesi, and having Khama's territory on the south-west, and Mashonaland (q.v.) to the north-east. It measures about 180 miles from north to south and 150 from east to west, and embraces the watershed between the river-systems of the Zambesi and the Limpopo. When in the first quarter of the 19th century the despotic Chaka ruled over the Zulus, a section of the nation under a rival chief, Mosilikatze, rebelled ami moved off towards the north. After remaining for a while in what is now the Transvaal, they settled in 1840 in their present country, almost exterminating the Mashona and Makalaka native tribes. The Matabele, who preserved the warlike habits of the Zulu race, number in all some 255,000 persons, of whom 15,000 are fighting men. Quaitz reefs rich in gold exist in various parts of the country, and mines have been worked at Tati and elsewhere. The British South Africa Company in 1893 broke the power of Lobengula, son of Mosilikatze, whose kraal was Bulawayo, still the capital, and now connected by rail with Capetown. Since 1896 the natives have had a share in the government. The district is now the southern part of Rhodesia. See works by Baines (1877), Montagu Kerr (1886), Gates (1889), Colqu-houn (1894), Selous (1893), and Norris (1895).