Mezieres (Mezee-ehr'), the capital of the French dep. of Ardennes, on a bend of the Meuse, opposite Charleville (q.v.), 155 miles by rail NE. of Paris. In 1521 it was successfully defended by Bayard (statue, 1893), with 2000 men, against 40,000 Spaniards ; in 1815 held out for two months against the Allies; and in 1870-71 capitulated after a frightful bombardment. In its Flamboyant church, restored in 1884, Charles IX. was married (1570). Pop. 6551.
Miako. See Kyoto.
Michigan City, a town of Indiana, on Lake Michigan, 38 miles by water (57 by rail) ESE. of Chicago. It has a good harbour, contains a college, a state prison, and railway-shops, and manufactures cars, refrigerators, furniture, boots, etc. Pop. (1860) 3320 ; (1900) 14,850.
Micronesia. See Polynesia.
Middelburg, capital of the Dutch province of Zealand, in the island of Walcheren, and 4 1/2 miles by rail NE. of Flushing. In former times it was one of the leading mercantile cities of the United Provinces; but its commercial importance has greatly declined, though it has cotton-factories. Thomas Cromwell was a merchant here. The town-house, founded by Charles the Bold in 1468, is adorned with twenty-five statues of counts and countesses of Holland and Zealand. A once celebrated abbey (12th c.) is now used as administrative offices. Pop. 19,455.
Middle Level. See Bedford Level.
Middleton, a town of Lancashire, on the Irk, 3 miles W. of Oldham and 6 NNE. of Manchester. Dating mainly from 1791, when it received a charter for a weekly market, it was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1886, the boundary being extended in 1891. It is chiefly dependent upon its manufactures of silk and cotton, and has an interesting parish church, a grammar-school (1572), public baths and libraries, etc. Pop. (1851) 5740; (1901) 25,178.
Middletown, (1) a port of Connecticut, on the right bank of the Connecticut River, 15 miles below Hartford. It is a well-built city, dating from 1636, with wide, shaded streets, theWesleyan University (1831), the Berkeley Divinity School (Episcopal), a large slate hospital for the insane, a girls' industrial school, and manufactures of sewing-machines, tape, webbing, Britannia ware, etc. Pop. 9613. - (2) A town of New York, 67 miles NNW. of New York City. It contains the state homoeopathic insane asylum, and manufactures iron, blankets, hats, etc. Pop. 14,977. - (3) A town of Ohio, on the Miami River and Canal, 35 miles N. of Cincinnati, with paper-mills and tobacco-factories. Pop. 9681.