Montalcino (Montalchee'no), a cathedral city of Italy, on a hill (1900 feet), 22 miles SSE. of Siena. Pop. 3353.
Montargis (Mongtarzhee'), a town in the French dep. of Loiret, 47 miles E. by N. of Orleans, with a fine church (12th century - 1868) and ruins of a vast castle. Here in 1371 is said to have occurred the famous judicial combat between 'the dog of Montargis' and Macaire its master's murderer. Pop. 10,500.
Mont Blanc (Mong Blon9), the highest mountain in Europe (if we regard the Caucasus as Asiatic), 15,782 feet above sea-level, is situated in France, close to the Italian frontier, 40 miles S. of the Lake of Geneva. The waters which spring from its western slopes are drained off to the Rhone, those which originate on the east side to the Po. It rises into several sharp peaks (aiguilles) and forms great glaciers - the Glacier du Geant, Mer de Glace, etc. In 1760 Saussure offered a prize for the discovery of a practicable route to the summit, which was gained in June 1786 by Balmat and Paccard, guides. There is an observatory (1890) at a height of 14,470 feet.
Mont Cenis (Mong Saynee'), or Monte Cenisio, an Alpine peak (11,792 feet) and pass (6884) between Savoy and Piedmont. Over the pass a road was constructed (1802-10) by Napoleon's orders, at an expense of £300,000. A railway tunnel, 13 miles W. of the pass and 7 1/2 miles long, was begun in 1857 on the Italian side, and in 1863 on the French, and was finished in 1870 at a cost of £3,000,000.
Mont-Dore-les-Bains (Mong-dor-lay-Bang), a village of Auvergne, in the dep. of Puy de Dome, 26 miles SSW. of Clermont-Ferrand. It lies 3412 feet above the sea-level, in the picturesque valley of the Dordogne. The eight mineral springs (102°-114°) were used by the Romans. The resident pop. of the village is 1339; but the baths, which are every year becoming better known, are thronged during the short season (July to September) with visitors from all parts.
Montebello Casteggio (Mon-tey-bello Casted'jo), an Italian village, 14 miles S. by W. of Pavia. The Austrians were twice defeated here - by the French in June 1800; and by French and Pied-montese in May 1859.
Monte Carlo. See Monaco.
Monte Catini (Montey Catee'nee), a watering-place of Italy, by rail 30 miles NW. of Florence. Its saline springs range between 82° and 86° F. The season lasts from May to September.