Mysore, or Maisur, a native state of southern India, surrounded entirely by districts of the Madras Presidency. Area, 29,444 sq. m. ; pop (1881) 4,186,188, (1901) 5,539,399. Mysore is an extensive tableland much broken by hill-ranges, and divided into two portions by the watershed between the Kistna and Kaveri. Gold is mined at Kolar. The rivers are used for irrigation. The annual value of the exports (betel-nut and leaves, coffee, cotton, piece-goods, cardamoms, rice, silk, and sugar) exceeds £1,200,000; of the imports (piece-goods, cloth, wheat, &c), £1,500,000. The ruinous misgovernment of the native prince led the British to assume the administration in 1831; but in 1881 Mysore was restored to the native dynasty. The famine years (1876-78) told with great severity. - The capital, Mysore, situated amid picturesque scenery, 245 miles WSW. of Madras, is a prosperous, well-built town. On the south stands the fort, which encloses the rajah's palace, with a magnificent throne. Population above 70,000.