Nashville, capital and second largest city of Tennessee, on the Cumberland River, 200 miles above the Ohio, and 185 by rail SSW. of Louisville. The city, which is a great railway centre, is built mainly on the left bank of the river, which is crossed by a suspension bridge and a railway drawbridge to the suburb of Edgefield. Nashville is a handsome, well-built town, with an imposing state capitol of limestone ($1,500,000), a penitentiary (400 cells), a large lunatic asylum, the Nashville University (1806), Vanderbilt University (Methodist Episcopal South, 1875), Central Tennessee College (for coloured Methodists, 1866), Fisk University (Con-gregationalist, 1867), Roger Williams University (Baptist), the state normal college, etc. The city has a large wholesale trade, the staples being cotton and tobacco; while its manufactures include cotton, flour, oil, paper, furniture, timber, leather, iron, and spirits. Founded in 1780, Nashville became the legal capital in 1843. In December 1864 the Confederates under Hood were completely defeated here by General Thomas. Pop. (1870) 25,865 ; (1880) 43,350 ; (1900) 80.865.